20 Kreuzer Salzburg Silver Count Hieronymus von Colloredo (1732 - ...

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Denomination:
Metal:
State:
Salzburg             
Issue year(s):
1779

Catalog reference:

1778, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin.

Mint Year: 1778
Reference: KM-431.

Denomination: 20 Kreuzer
Mint place: Salzburg (Austria)
Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.)
Diameter: 27.8mm
Material: Silver
Weight: 6.63gm

Obverse: Bust of the Count right in clerical robes, titles as Archbishop, Prince of the Empire and Primate of Germany.
Latin Legend: HIERONYMVS D.G. A. & P. S. A. S. L. N. G. PRIM.
Exergue: M. (mintmaster´s initial – Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.)

Reverse: Crowned and mantled oval arms, topped by legate´s hat. Crossed sword and crozier in background.
Exergue: 17 20 83

The count is known as the first patron of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. He became exceptionally annoyed with Mozart’s frequent absences. After a number of arguments, he ultimately dismissed him with the words, "Mai er verlassen, ich nicht brauchen ihn!" ("May he leave, I don’t need him!"). Leopold Mozart stayed in Salzburg but "continued to bemoan the failure to replace musicians who had left or died, and the consequent shambles in the court music." Colloredo "sometimes played the violin in the court orchestra."

Count Hieronymus Joseph Franz de Paula Graf Colloredo von Wallsee und Melz (31 May 1732 in Vienna, Austria – 20 May 1812 in Vienna) was Prince-Bishop of Gurk from 1761 and Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg from 1771 until 1803, when the Archbishopric was secularized.

He was the second son of Count Rudolf Wenzel Joseph Colloredo von Wallsee und Melz (1706-1788), a high-ranking Imperial official. He was educated at the Theresian Military Academy, and served in various ecclesiastical appointments.

The Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg fell vacant in December 1771, and (with considerable pressure from the Imperial court in Vienna), he was elected Prince-Archbishop on 14 March 1772 on the 13th ballot. According to Clive (1993) "it was an unpopular choice in Salzburg whose citizens remained cool to him until the end."

Colloredo was the ruler of Salzburg at the time that the long-standing arrangement of placing this sovereign state under the rule of an Archbishop came to an end. On 12 December 1801, as French troops under Napoleon drew near to occupying the city, Colloredo fled the city, never to return. The political fate of Salzburg was first secularization (it was awarded to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, who had lost his state), then incorporation into Austria (1805), then Bavaria (1809), then permanently to Austria (1816). Colloredo remained the eccleciastical head of the diocese. According to Clive, "he was extremely autocratic and his dictatorial attitude at times provide the hostility of the cathedral chapter and of civic officials."

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8 coins in the group
2

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Posted by: anonymous  2015-06-23
CoinWorldTV 1773, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. F/VF Mint Year: 1773 Reference: KM-431. Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Condition: Planchet striae in obverse, otherwise F/VF. Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Diameter: 27mm Materi ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2015-06-23
CoinWorldTV 1783, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. Lustre AU-UNC! Mint Year: 1783 Reference: KM-431. Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Condition: Minor weight adjusting marks in reverse, otherwise a ni ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2014-11-18
CoinWorldTV 1783, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. F+ Condition: F+ Mint Year: 1783 Reference: KM-431. Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Diameter: 28.7mm Material: Silver Weight: 6.47gm ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2014-09-23
CoinWorldTV 1778, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. XF-AU! Mint Year: 1778 Reference: KM-431. Condition: A nice XF-AU! Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Diameter: 27.8mm Material: Silver ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2014-08-06
CoinWorldTV 1783, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. XF-AU! Mint Year: 1783 Reference: KM-431. Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Condition: Mint-made alloy spots (not a damage) in obverse, o ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2014-06-16
CoinWorldTV 1785, Salzburg, Count Hieronymus Collerdo. Silver 20 Kreuzer Coin. XF! Condition: XF! Mint Year: 1785 Reference: KM-431. Denomination: 20 Kreuzer Mint place: Salzburg (Austria) Mint Mark: M (Franz Xavier Matzenkopf Jr.) Diameter: 28mm Material: Silver Weight: 6.59gm ...

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $440.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=240557 Estimate $150 S ...
AUSTRIA, Leopold I - Leopold II, three kreuzer, 1697 MMW (KM.1230); five kreuzer, 1790A (KM.2061); six kreuzer, 1707 CB (KM.187), 1747 (KM.724); quarter thaler, 1740 ...

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $480.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=298645 Estimate $220 S ...
GERMANY, Wurttemburg, Wilhelm I, thaler, 1862 (KM.601); Nassau, six kreuzer, 1833 (KM.53). Extremely fine; uncirculated. (2)

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $200.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=316688 Estimate $250 S ...
GERMANY, Saxony, Albertine line, Johann Georg IV, (1691-1694), silver two thirds thaler or 60 kreuzer, 1693, obv. bust to right, rev. crowned arms, (KM.641, Merseb ...
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