Mint Place: Vienna (Austria) Denomination: Thaler (Trade Dollar) Mint Period: dated 1780 (struck 1781-1785) Mint Officials: Johann August v. Cronberg & Franz Aichenau, warden. (I.C.-F.A.) Condition: Pierced and plugged, lightly deformed where the plug was applied, lights scratches and digs, toherwise XF+ Reference: Davenport 1117, Leypold T11, Hafner 12b (flower with 8 petals on edge, obverse possibly of Hafner 12a!). R! Weight: 27.73gm Diameter: 41mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Diademed and draped bust of Maria Theresia wearing oval brooch with nine pearls right. Legend: M . THERESIA . D . G . R . IMP . HU BO . REG .
Reverse: Crown above double headed imperial eagle, large multiple coat of arms. Mint official´s initials (I.C.-F.A.) below eagle´s claws. Outer Legend: ARCHID . AVST . DUX . BURG . CO . TYR . 1780 . X
For your consideration a nice example of the famous Maria Theresa Thaler, struck posthumously in Vienna mint during 1781-1785. This example is one of the earliest and sought after issues with lower mintage. The key-differences here are the lack of initials (S.F.) below the bust of the Empress (in the obverse) and the present mint master's initials (I.C.-F.A.) in the reverse, which were ommited on the later restrikes. A great addition for every Austrian and World coins collector and not a cheap re-strike!
The Maria Theresa thaler (MTT) is a silver bullion-coin that has been used in world trade continuously since it was first minted in 1741. It was named after Empress Maria Theresa, who ruled Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia from 1740 to 1780. It was one of the first coins used in the United States and probably contributed, along with the Spanish eight-bit dollar, to the choice of a dollar as the main unit of currency for the United States.
Edge shows flower with 5 petals as described by Hafner under catalogue number 12b!
Maria Theresa (German: Maria Theresia, see also other languages; May 13, 1717 – November 29, 1780) was a reigning Archduchess of Austria, a Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and a Holy Roman Empress.
Maria Theresa was the oldest daughter of Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Emperor Charles VI, who promulgated the Pragmatic Sanction to allow her to succeed to the Habsburg monarchy. Opposition to her acceding to the throne led to the War of the Austrian Succession in 1740. After Emperor Charles VII, who claimed the throne, died in 1745, Maria Theresa obtained the imperial crown for her husband, Francis I. Though she was technically empress consort, Maria Theresa was the de facto ruler of the nation, and she began styling herself Holy Roman Empress in 1745. Maria Theresa had in fact already begun her rule in 1740 during the Austrian War of Succession.
Maria Theresa helped initiate financial and educational reforms, promoted commerce and the development of agriculture, and reorganized the army, all of which strengthened Austria's resources. Continued conflict with the Kingdom of Prussia led to the Seven Years' War and later to the War of the Bavarian Succession. She became dowager empress after the death of Francis and ascession of her son Joseph as emperor in 1765. Maria Theresa criticized many of Joseph's actions but agreed to the First Partition of Poland (1772). A key figure in the power politics of 18th century Europe, Maria Theresa brought unity to the Habsburg Monarchy and was considered one of its most capable rulers. Her 16 children also included Marie Antoinette, queen consort of France, and Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor.
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