Obverse: Head of Napoleon I. as french Emperor and King of Italy, left. Date, flanked by privy marks below. Legend: NAPOLEONE IMPERATORE E RE (anchor) 1810 (candle-holder)
Reverse: Crown of the Kingdom of Italy, surrounded by legend. Value and mint letter of Venice (V) below. Legend: REGON D´ITALIA / CENTESIMO / V
The kingdom of Italy was an artificial entity established by Napoleon as a buffer state against Austria. It consisted of Lombardy, Venetia, Modena, and Ancona of the Papal States. The actual ruler was Eugene de Beauharnais, stepson of Napoleon and viceroy of the kingdom.
Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 â€“ 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the history of Europe. He was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul of the French Republic and Emperor of the First French Empire.
Napoleon developed few military innovations, drew his tactics from different sources and scored major victories with a modernised French army. His campaigns are studied at military academies the world over and he is widely regarded as one of history's greatest commanders. While considered a tyrant by his opponents, he is remembered for the establishment of the Napoleonic code, which laid the administrative foundations for much of Western Europe.
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