1800, France (Consulate), Napoleon Bonaparte. "Foundation of Quai Desaix" Medal.
Medallist: Galle Mint Place: Paris Condition: A nice XF-AU! Reference: Bramsen 69, Julius 847. Mint Year: 1800 (8th Year of the Revolution). Denomination: Medal - Foundation of Quai Desaix in Paris (the dock/wharf named after General Desaix, now known/renamed as Quai de la Corse on the Ile de la Cité in 4th district of Paris). Weight: 30.67gm Material: Copper Diameter: 42mm
Obverse: Inscription "Paris / Foundation of the dock (wharf) Desaix in memory of the General killed at the battle of Marengo, 25th day of the Messidor (harvest) month (10th month of the calendar of the French Revolution, which started 19 or 20 June. and ended on 18 or 19 July) in year 8th of the French Revolution". Legend: PARIS /--/ FONDATION DU QUAI / DESAIX /--/ À LA MEMOIRE DU / GÉNÉRAL TUÉ À / MARINGO/ 25 MESSIDOR AN VIII DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE FRANÇAISE.
Reverse: Inscription with signatures of the three consuls of the Republic and the Minister of Interior Louis Bonaparte (the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte and later King of Holland from 1806 to 1810). Legend: PREMIER / CONSUL / BONAPARTE / DEUXieme CONSl. / CAMBACERES / TROISme. CONCl / LEBRUN./ L. BONAPARTE MINISTRE DE LINteur. Translated: "1st Consul Bonaparte, 2nd Consul Cambaceres, 3rd Consul Lebrun. Louis Bonaparte, Minister of Interior.".
Louis Charles Antoine Desaix (17 August 1768 – 14 June 1800) was a French general and military leader during French Revolutionary Wars. According to the usage of the time, he took the name Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux. Napoleon paid tribute to Desaix by erecting monuments to him, one on the Place Dauphine and the other in the Place des Victoires in Paris. The memorial in the Place des Victoires was later destroyed. A monumental tomb with sculptures by Jean Guillaume Moitte serves as his final resting-place at the Great St Bernard Hospice, (his body originally lay in Milan, and it was moved to the Hospice in 1805). Moreover, his name is written on a face of the Arc de Triomphe, with other great military figures of the French Revolution. There is also a fort, in Fort-de-France, Martinique, that is named Fort Desaix in his honor. A street, Rue Desaix, and a parallel cul-de-sac, Square Desaix, in the fifteenth arrondissement of Paris, between two metro stations, Bir-Hakeim and Dupleix, also bear his name. Desaix Boulevard is a major street in the Bayou St. John / Fairgrounds district of New Orleans. Several ships of the French Navy have borne the name Desaix in his honour.
Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the history of Europe. He was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul of the French Republic and Emperor of the First French Empire.
Born in Corsica and trained as an artillery officer in mainland France, he rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. In 1799, Napoleon staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later he crowned himself Emperor of the French. In the first decade of the nineteenth century, he turned the armies of France against every major European power and dominated continental Europe through a series of military victories - epitomised in battles such as Austerlitz and Friedland. He maintained France's sphere of influence by the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states.
The French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked a turning point in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was wrecked in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig, invaded France and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he returned and was finally defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life under British supervision on the island of Saint Helena, where he died in 1821. The autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer though Sten Forshufvud and other scientists in the 1960s conjectured that he had been poisoned with arsenic.
Napoleon developed few military innovations, drew his tactics from different sources and scored major victories with a modernised French army. His campaigns are studied at military academies the world over and he is widely regarded as one of history's greatest commanders. While considered a tyrant by his opponents, he is remembered for the establishment of the Napoleonic code, which laid the administrative foundations for much of Western Europe.
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