1766, Baden (Grand Duchy), Charles Frederick. Large Silver Thaler Coin. VF-aXF!
Mint Date: 1766 Denomination: Thaler (Convention) Reference: Davenport 1933, KM-108. Condition: Scattered hits and light scratches in fields, deposits in reverse, otherwise VF-aXF! Weight: 27,89gm Diameter: 40mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Armored and draped bust of Charles Frederick as Grand Duke of Baden right. Legend: CAROLUS FRID : D . G . M . BAD . ET H . Reverse: Crowned oval arms, supported by Griffin and eagle, which are stepped on baroque base. Date (*1766*) and fractional silver mark value in words (1/10th of a silver mark unit) below. Legend: AD NORMAM CONVENTIONIS / X . EINE F MARCK / .W.
Charles Frederick, 1st Grand Duke of Baden (22 November 1728 – 10 June 1811) was Margrave, elector and later Grand Duke of Baden (initially only margrave of Baden-Durlach) from 1738 until his death.
Born at Karlsruhe, he was the son of Hereditary Prince Frederick of Baden-Durlach and Amalia of Nassau-Dietz (13 October 1710 – 17 September 1777), the daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz.
He succeeded his grandfather as Margrave of Baden-Durlach in 1738, and ruled personally from 1746 until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden from the Bernhard Line. Upon inheriting the latter Margraviate, the original land of Baden was reunited. He was regarded as a good example of an enlightened despot, supporting schools, universities, jurisprudence, civil service, economy, culture, and urban development. He outlawed torture in 1767, and serfdom in 1783. He was elected a Royal Fellow of the Royal Society in 1747
In 1803 Charles Frederick became elector of Baden, and in 1806 the first grand duke of Baden. Through the politics of minister Sigismund Freiherr von Reitzenstein, Baden acquired the Bishopric of Constance, and the territories of the Bishopric of Basel, the Bishopric of Strassburg, and the Bishopric of Speyer that lay on the right bank of the Rhine, in addition to Breisgau and Ortenau.
In 1806 Baden joined the Confederation of the Rhine.
Together with his architect, Friedrich Weinbrenner, Charles Frederick was responsible for the construction of the handsome suite of classical buildings that distinguish Karlsruhe. He died in the latter city in 1811.
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