1322, Hungary/Slavonia/Croatia, Charles Robert. Silver Banovac Denar Coin. R!
Mint Period: 1322-1325 Mint Place: Zagreb (Croatia) Denomination: Denar (Banovac) State: Slavonia (today´s Croatia) Reference: Dimnik/Dobr. 19.1.1. R! Condition: Lightly corroded surfaces (environmental damage), minor deposits, otherwise VF! Diameter: 15mm Weight: 0.57gm Material: Silver
Obverse: Marten advancing left, stars with annulets as terminals above and below. Legend: +MOnETAWREGISpSCLAVOnIA Reverse: Patriarchal cross; star and crescent across upper field, crowned heads facing one another across lower field. Annulets (privy marks) at sides.
Slavonia (Croatian and Bosnian: Slavonija, Slavonija, Hungarian: Szlavónia, Latin: Sclavonia) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in part, by the Drava river in the north, the Sava river in the south, and the Danube river in the east.
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Charles I (1288 – 16 July 1342), also known as Charles Robert (Caroberto), was the first King of Hungary and Croatia (1308–42) of the House of Anjou. He was also descended from the old Hungarian Árpád dynasty. His claim to the throne of Hungary was contested by several pretenders. Nevertheless, although he was only a child when his grandfather, King Charles II of Naples sent him to Hungary in 1300, Charles could strengthen his rule in the kingdom against his opponents and the powerful magnates following a long series of internal struggles. Charles also carried out numerous important political and economical reforms: he established the so called honor system which made the powerful barons dependent of his favour, and he introduced new coins with a consistently high purity of gold. Charles's foreign policy largely stemmed from dynastic alliances. His most successful achievement was the mutual defense union with Poland and Bohemia against the Habsburgs. Charles also endeavoured to enforce his or his descendants' claim to the Kingdom of Naples, but he could achieve only sham results. Nevertheless, he was one of the most successful rulers of the Kingdom of Hungary whose efforts established his successor's achievements.
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