States/Countries -> Province of Hanover (1868 - 1946)      

preceded by
  Kingdom of Hanover (1814 - 1866)
parent states
  Kingdom of Prussia (1701-1918)

Province of Hanover (1868 - 1946)
succeeded by

1 Thaler Province of Hanover (1868 - 1946) Silver
1 Thaler Province of Hanover (1868 - 194 ...
group has   25 coins / 25prices

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Info: 2018-11-20
CoinWorldTV 1816, Kingdom of Hannover, George III. Silver 1/12 Thaler (3 Mariengroschen) Coin. XF! Condition: XF! Mint Year: 1816 Mint Place: Clausthal Reference: KM-108 . Denomination: 1 ...

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Info: 2018-11-20
CoinWorldTV 1839, Kingdom of Hannover, Ernest August I. Silver Thaler Coin. 1-Yr Type! XF! Mint Year: 1839 Denomination: Thaler Mint Place: Clausthal (A) References: KM-184 ($200 in X ...

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Info: 2018-11-20
CoinWorldTV 1638, Brunswick-Lunbeburg-Celle, Duke Frederick IV. Silver Thaler Coin. NGC XF+ Mint Year: 1638 Mint Place: Clausthal Denomination: Thaler Mint Master: Henning Schlueter (H- S) Re ...
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Province of Hanover
Provinz Hannover
Province of Prussia



Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Hanover
The Province of Hanover (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia, within the German Empire
Capital Hanover
52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367°N 9.717°E / 52.367; 9.717Coordinates: 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367°N 9.717°E / 52.367; 9.717
 •  Established 1868
 •  Disestablished 1946
 •  1939 38,705 km2 (14,944 sq mi)
 •  1939 3,537,390 
Density 91.4 /km2  (236.7 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions Aurich

The Province of Hanover (German: Provinz Hannover) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.

During the Austro-Prussian War, the Kingdom of Hanover had attempted to maintain a neutral position, along with some other member states of the German Confederation. After Hanover voted in favour of mobilising confederation troops against Prussia on 14 June 1866, Prussia saw this as a just cause for declaring war; the Kingdom of Hanover was soon dissolved and annexed by Prussia. The private wealth of the dethroned House of Hanover was then used by Otto von Bismarck to finance his continuing efforts against Ludwig II of Bavaria.

In 1946, the British military administration recreated the Land of Hanover based on the former Kingdom of Hanover; but within the year, at the instigation of the German leadership, it was merged into the new Bundesland of Lower Saxony—along with the states of Oldenburg, Brunswick, and Schaumburg-Lippe—with the city of Hanover as the capital of this new state.

Hanoverian regions[edit]

The six Hanoveran regions.
Hannover, Oldenburg, Brunswick (1905)
Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein and small Northern German States (1890)

Hanover was subdivided into six regions first called Landdrostei[en] (High-Bailiwick[s]), which were reorganised into Prussian standard Regierungsbezirke (governorates) on 1 April 1885.   1) Aurich
  2) Osnabrück
  3) Stade
  4) Lüneburg (Lunenburg)
  5) Hildesheim
  6) Hanover

Administrative divisions from 1885[edit]

On 1 April 1885 the six Landdrosteien were turned into regional administrative districts called Regierungsbezirke:

  1. Regierungsbezirk Aurich
  2. Regierungsbezirk Hannover
  3. Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim
  4. Regierungsbezirk Lüneburg
  5. Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück
  6. Regierungsbezirk Stade

Regierungsbezirke in the Province of Hanover in 1905

The Regierungsbezirke were subdivided into new urban and rural counties (Stadtkreise and Landkreise), the old Amt structure being disbanded. Where the name of the county town differs from that of the county, it is shown in brackets:

Counties in the Province of Hanover (1905)

Regierungsbezirk Aurich[edit]



Regierungsbezirk Hannover[edit]



Regierungsbezirk Hildesheim[edit]



Regierungsbezirk Lüneburg[edit]



Regierungsbezirk Osnabrück[edit]



Regierungsbezirk Stade[edit]



Presidents of the Province of Hanover[edit]

The heads of the provinces, appointed by the central Prussian government, were called Oberpräsident (Upper President). The provincial executive, the Landesdirektor (provincial director), was elected by the provincial parliament (Provinziallandtag).

See also[edit]