96 Ratti Burma Silver

96 Ratti
Metal:
State:
Burma             
Issue year(s):
350


Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin.

Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572 Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis)

Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD)

Diameter: 35mm

Weight: 9.38gm

Material: Silver

Obverse: Rising sun with a single pellet inside and 13 pellets between rays around. All within a border of pellets.

Reverse: Stylized temple, flanked by swastika (left) and and Damaru symbol (left). Moon and sun above, three pellets below.

Beikthano (Burmese: ဗိဿနိုး [beɪʔθənó]) situated in the irrigated Minbu region (near present-day Taungdwingyi) with direct land access to the well-watered Kyaukse plains to its northeast, is the oldest urban site so far discovered and scientifically excavated site. Its remains—the structures, pottery, artefacts, and human skeletons—date from 200 BCE to 100 CE. Named after the Hindu god Vishnu, the city may be the first capital of a culturally and perhaps even politically uniform state in the history of Burma. It was a large fortified settlement, measuring approximately 300 hectares inside the rectangular (3 km by 1 km) walls. The walls and fortifications along it measured six meters thick, and are radiocarbon dated to a period between 180 BCE and 610 CE. Like most subsequent cities, the main entrance of the walls led to the palace, which faced east. Stupas and monastic buildings have also been excavated within the city walls.

The Pyu city states (Burmese: ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ) were a group of city-states that existed from c. 2nd century BCE to c. mid-11th century in present-day Upper Burma (Myanmar). The city-states were founded as part of the southward migration by the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu people, the earliest inhabitants of Burma of whom records are extant. The thousand-year period, often referred to as the Pyu millennium, linked the Bronze Age to the beginning of the classical states period when the Pagan Kingdom emerged in the late 9th century.

The city-states—five major walled cities and several smaller towns have been excavated—were all located in the three main irrigated regions of Upper Burma: the Mu River Valley, the Kyaukse plains and Minbu region, around the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers. Part of an overland trade route between China and India, the Pyu realm gradually expanded south. Halin, founded in the 1st century AD at the northern edge of Upper Burma, was the largest and most important city until around the 7th or 8th century when it was superseded by Sri Ksetra (near modern Pyay) at the southern edge. Twice as large as Halin, Sri Ksetra was the largest and most influential Pyu centre.

The Pyu culture was heavily influenced by trade with India, importing Buddhism as well as other cultural, architectural and political concepts, which would have an enduring influence on the Culture of Burma and political organisation. The Pyu calendar, based on the Buddhist calendar, later became the Burmese calendar. Recent scholarship, though yet not settled, suggests that the Pyu script, based on the Indian Brahmi script, may have been the source of the Burmese script used to write the Burmese language.

The millennium-old civilisation came crashing down in the 9th century when the city-states were destroyed by repeated invasions from the Kingdom of Nanzhao. The Bamar people, who came from Nanzhao, set up a garrison town at Bagan at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and Chindwin Rivers. Pyu settlements remained in Upper Burma for the next three centuries but the Pyu gradually were absorbed into the expanding Pagan Kingdom. The Pyu language still existed until the late 12th century. By the 13th century, the Pyu had assumed the Burman ethnicity. The histories and legends of the Pyu were also incorporated to those of the Bamar.

Only the city-states of Halin, Beikthano and Sri Ksetra are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, where the other sites can be added in the future for an extension nomination.


type to read more

 

14 coins in the group
2 3

Collections: Add to Basket (1537 X 745pixels, file size: ~240K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-12-08
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. aXF! Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572. Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Condition: Dark oxidation deposits, otherwise about XF! Diameter: 30mm Weigh ...

Collections: Add to Basket (1737 X 854pixels, file size: ~325K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-12-08
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. XF! Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572 Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Condition: Lightly deformed, otherwise XF type! Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Diameter: 31mm Weight: 9.18gm ...

Collections: Add to Basket (1537 X 748pixels, file size: ~236K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-01-21
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. aXF! Condition: About XF for type! Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572. Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Diameter: 29mm Material: Silver Weight: 8.7gm ...

Collections: Add to Basket (1537 X 749pixels, file size: ~223K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-01-21
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. R! Condition: About XF for type! Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572 Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Diameter: 31mm Weight: 9.23gm Material: Silver Ob ...

Collections: Add to Basket (1737 X 864pixels, file size: ~307K)
Posted by: anonymous  2020-01-21
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. XF+ Reference: Mitchiner 1567-1572 Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Condition: Minor deposits, otherwise a nice XF+ Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Diameter: 35mm Weight: 9.38gm ...

Collections: Add to Basket (1365 X 649pixels, file size: ~182K)
Posted by: anonymous  2017-05-12
CoinWorldTV Burma, Pyu Kingdom of Bekthano (190-550 AD) Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Coin. VF+ Reference: Mithciner 2567-2572 Denominations: Silver Unit (96 Rattis) Condition: Light deposits, crude style, otherwise VF+ Mint Period: 3rd Century-69th Century (190-550 AD) Diameter: 29mm Mater ...

Collections: Add to Basket Sold for: $1300.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=298436 Estimate $1,500 ...
INDONESIA, Srivijaya Kingdom, (c680-1250 A.D.), gold larin as a twisted gold ingot (2.35g, one mas weight or twenty rattis), another gold massa of twenty rattis ...

Collections: Add to Basket Sold for: $3000.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=316514 Estimate $3,000 ...
INDONESIA, Srivijaya Kingdom, (c.950-1150 A.D.), gold four masa of eighty rattis (9.63 g), with stylised Devanagari characters (sesame seed), (cf.Mitchiner [South East Asia] 726-9). Very ...

Collections: Add to Basket Sold for: $2200.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=294100 Estimate $1,500 ...
INDONESIA, early Sailendra coinage, (c.800/850-950 A.D.), gold four masa of eighty rattis (9.61 grams), obv. uncertain object, rev. large rectangular incuse with anchor-like symbol within, ...
You may be interested in following coins
20 Pfennig Germany Silver Wilhelm I, German Emperor (1797-1888)
20 Pfennig Germany Silver Wilhelm I, Ger ...
group has   55 coins / 54 prices
25 Pya Burma Copper/Nickel
25 Pya Burma Copper/Nickel
group has   4 coins / 4 prices
96 Ratti Burma Silver
96 Ratti Burma Silver
group has   14 coins / 12 prices
2021-07-07 - Live Coin Catalog's improvements / coins grouping

65 coins were grouped from 2021-06-30 to 2021-07-07
One of them is:

    5 Centime French Third Republic (1870-19 ...
group has    11 coins / 9 prices



IIIe République, piéfort de 5 centimes Daniel-Dupuis, 1898 Paris A/REPUBLIQUE - FRANÇAISE. Bust ...
2021-07-01 - New coin is added to 20 Krone Austria-Hungary (1867-1918) Gold Franz Joseph I (18 ...


    20 Krone Austria-Hungary (1867-1918) Gold Franz Joseph I (18 ...
group has    48 coins / 47 prices



1893,Haus Habsburg. Franz Joseph I. 1848-1916. 20 Kronen 1893. Herinek 329, Jaeger/Jaeckel 379, Friedberg 504. GOLD. Fast Stempelglanz
You may be interested in ...
Market
Dynasty tree and coins
Check yourself!

Coin Puzzle
Coins Prices