1929, Germany (Weimar Republic). Constitution Anniversary. Silver 3 Mark Coin.
Mint Year: 1929
Reference: KM-63. Mint Place: Hamburg (J)
Denomination: 3 Mark - 10th Anniversary oif the Weimar Constitution
Obverse: Head of Paul von Hindenburg as President of Germany left.
Legend: DEUTSCHES REICH . 3 REICSHMARK
Exergue: HINDENBURG REICHS- PRASIDENT
Reverse: Hand with two fingers raised (swearing) inside inner circle.
Legend: TREU DER VERFASSUNG ("Faithful to the Constitution!")
Exergue: 1919 . 1929 / 11 AUGUST / A
The Constitution of the German Reich (German: Die Verfassung des Deutschen Reichs), usually known as the Weimar Constitution (Weimarer Verfassung) was the constitution that governed Germany during the Weimar Republic (1919â€“1933). The constitution declared Germany to be a democratic parliamentary Republic. It technically remained in effect throughout the existence of the Third Reich from 1933 to 1945. The constitution’s title was the same as the Constitution of the German Empire that preceded it. The German state’s official name was Deutsches Reich until the adoption of the 1949 “basic law”.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (October 2, 1847 – August 2, 1934) was a German field marshal and statesman.
Hindenburg enjoyed a long if undistinguished career in the Prussian army, eventually retiring in 1911. He was recalled at the outbreak of the First World War, and first came to national attention, at the age of sixty-six, as the victor at Tannenberg in 1914. As Germany’s supreme commander from 1916, he and his chief of staff, Erich Ludendorff, rose in the German public’s esteem until Hindenburg came to eclipse the Kaiser himself. Hindenburg retired again in 1919, but returned to public life one more time in 1925 to be elected as the second President of Germany.
Though 84 years old and in poor health, Hindenburg was obliged to run for re-election in 1932 as the only candidate who could defeat Adolf Hitler, which he did in a runoff. In his second term as President, he did what he could to oppose the Nazi Party’s rise to power, but was eventually obliged to appoint Hitler as Chancellor in January 1933. In March he signed the Enabling Act of 1933 which gave special powers to Hitler’s government. Hindenburg died the next year, after which Hitler declared the office of President vacant and made himself the “Fuehrer”, or the combination of the president and chancellor.
The famed zeppelin Hindenburg that was destroyed by fire in 1937 had been named in his honour, as is the causeway joining the island of Sylt to mainland Schleswig-Holstein, the Hindenburgdamm, built during his time in office.