1837, Danish West Indies (Virgin Islands), Frederick VI. Silver 2 Skilling Coin. aXF!
Mint Year: 1837 References: KM-13. Condition: About XF! Denomination: 2 Skilling Material: Silver (.250) Diameter: 14mm Weight: 1.22gm
Obverse: Crowned shield with coat-of-arms of Denmark.
Reverse: Value (II) above denomination (SKILLING DANSK), legend (AMERIK: MYNT.) and date (1837.).
The Danish West Indies (Danish: Dansk Vestindien or De dansk-vestindiske øer) or Danish Antilles was a Danish colony in the Caribbean, first under the united kingdoms of Denmark-Norway and later, after the 1814 Treaty of Kiel, Denmark alone. The islands were sold to the United States in 1917 under the terms of the Treaty of the Danish West Indies and were organized as the United States Virgin Islands in 1917. The Danish geographical name for the constituent islands is Jomfruøerne (lit. “The Virgin Islands”). The Danish West Indies covered a total area of 185 square miles (480 km2) and in the 1850s consisted of three main islands: Sankt Thomas with 43 square miles (110 km2); Sankt Jan with 42 square miles (110 km2); and Sankt Croix with 100 square miles (260 km2).
Frederick VI (Christiansborg, 28 January 1768 – Amalienborg, 3 December 1839) reigned as King of Denmark (13 March 1808 – 3 December 1839), and as king of Norway (13 March 1808 – 7 February 1814). His mother, Queen Caroline Mathilde, was a sister of King George III of the United Kingdom.
Frederick’s father, Christian VII, had major psychological problems, including suspected schizophrenia, expressed by catatonic periods, that resulted in his standing down from power for most of his reign. On 8 January 1772, the three-year-old Prince Frederick was made regent. But until 1784 he was under control of his father’s stepmother and Queen dowager, Juliana Maria of Brunswick-WolfenbÃ¼ttel, who was the real and undisputed ruler during this part of his regency, aided by Ove HÃ¸egh-Guldberg. Finally, on 14 April 1784, the crown prince was declared of legal majority. He continued as Regent of Denmark under his father’s name until the latter’s death in 1808.
During the regency, Frederick instituted widespread liberal reforms with the assistance of Chief Minister Andreas Peter Bernstorff, including the abolition of serfdom in 1788. Crises encountered during his reign include disagreement with the British over neutral shipping. This resulted in two British attacks on Danish shipping in 1801 and 1807. The former attack is known as the Battle of Copenhagen.
His wife was his first cousin Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, a member of a German family with close marriage links with the Royal families of both Denmark and Great Britain. They married in Gottorp on 31 July 1790 and had eight children. The youngest of them, Princess Wilhelmine, became the wife of the future Frederick VII of Denmark. However, none of Frederick VI’s sons survived infancy and when he died, he was succeeded by his cousin, Christian VIII of Denmark.
Frederic was crowned King of Denmark on 13 March 1808. When the throne of Sweden showed signs of becoming unoccupied in 1809, Frederick was interested in becoming elected there, too. Frederick actually was the first monarch of Denmark and Norway to descend from Gustav I of Sweden who had secured Sweden’s independence after union period with other Scandinavian countries. (Also Frederick’s sister was such descendant, both through their mother and her mother. As well as Hereditary Prince Frederick of Denmark, their uncle, who descended through Queen Juliane.) However, firstly Frederick’s brother-in-law the prince Augustus of Augustenborg got elected, then the French Marshal Bernadotte.
After his defeat in the Napoleonic Wars in 1814 and the loss of Norway, Frederick VI carried through an authoritatarian and reactionary course, giving up the liberal ideas of his years as a prince regent. Censorship and suppression of all opposition together with bad economic terms of the country made this period of his reign somewhat gloomy, though the king himself in general maintained his position of a “patriarch” and a well-meaning autocrat. From the 1830s the economic depression was eased a bit and from 1834 the king reluctantly accepted a small democratic innovation by the creation of the Assemblies of the Estate (purely consultative regional assemblies).