1674, Genoa (Republic). Large Silver Cob-Like Scudo Stretto Coin.
Mint Year: 1674 Denomination: Scudo (Stretto) References: Davenport 3901, KM-56. R! Mint Master: Johannes Lucas Maiolus (ILM) Weight: 38.09gm Diameter: 44mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Virgin and Child seated on clouds. Legend: * ET * REGE * EOS * 1674 * I * L * M * *
Reverse: Genovese cross, pellet at each terminus, six-point star in each angle. Legend: + DVX * ET * GVB * REIP * GENV *
The Most Serene Republic of Genoa (Italian: Repubblica di Genova, Ligurian: Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, as well as Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean.
It began when Genoa became a self-governing commune within the Regnum Italicum, and ended when it was conquered by First French Republic under Napoleon and replaced with the Ligurian Republic. Corsica was ceded in the Treaty of Versailles of 1768. The Ligurian Republic was annexed by the First French Empire in 1805, and its restoration was briefly proclaimed in 1814 following the defeat of Napoleon, but was ultimately annexed by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1815.
Today Genoa is the name of the capital city of Liguria, a northwestern region of Italy.