1 Kreuzer Grand Duchy of Baden (1806-1918) Copper

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1842

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1841, Baden (Grand Duchy), Leopold I. Nice Copper 1 Kreuzer Coin.

Mint Year: 1841. Reference: KM-203. Denomination: 1 Kreuzer Material: Copper Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.88gm

Obverse: Head of Leopold I  as Grand Duke of Baden right. Legend: LEOPOLD GROSHERZOG VON BADEN Reverse: Value (1) above denomination (KREUZER) and date (1841). All within wreath.

Leopold I, Grand Duke of Baden (Karlsruhe, 29 August 1790 – Karlsruhe, 24 April 1852) succeeded in 1830 as the fourth Grand Duke of Baden.

Although a younger child, Leopold was the first son of Margrave Karl Friederich of Baden by his second, morganatic wife Louise Karoline, Baroness Geyer of Geyersberg. Since Luise Karoline was not of equal birth with the Margrave, the marriage was deemed morganatic and the resulting children were incapable of inheriting their father’s princely status or the sovereign rights of the Zähringen House of Baden. Luise Karoline and her children were given the titles of baron and baroness and later count or countess of Hochberg.

Baden gained territory during the Napoleonic Wars. As a result, Margrave Karl Friederich was elevated to the title of Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfurst). With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, he took the title Grand Duke of Baden.

Since there were plenty of descendants from Charles Frederick’s first marriage to Karoline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt,   no one expected the Hochberg children of his second wife to be anything   except a family of counts with blood ties to the grand ducal family but   no dynastic rights. With no prospects of advancement in Baden, Leopold of Hochberg followed a career as an officer in the French army.

Starting in 1817, events resulted in a dramatic change in the   situation of the Hochberg children when it became apparent that the   Baden male line descended from Karl Friederich’s first wife would die   out. One by one, the males of the House of Baden died without leaving   male descendants. By 1817, there were only two males left, the reigning Grand Duke Charles I and his childless uncle Louis I. Both of Charles’s sons died in infancy. The dynasty faced a serious succession problem.

A series of agreements provided that Baden would be inherited by the Wittelsbach kings of Bavaria at the extinction of the Zähringen male line in Baden. King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria was married to Grand Duke Charles’s eldest sister, Katharina Karoline. The female most closely related to the last male often inherited in such circumstances (sometimes called Semi-Salic succession). As a result, Maximilian had a strong claim to Baden under   the normal rules of inheritance and various agreements added weight to   his claims. Following the Congress of Vienna, a treaty of 16 April 1816 between Bavaria and Austria secured the Wittelsbach rights to Baden.

To save his dynasty from extinction, Grand Duke Charles needed to   find a way to preserve the Zähringen line. Granting succession rights to   his half-uncles seemed the ideal solution. Accordingly, in 1817 Karl   issued a new succession law under which the children of the Hochberg   marriage became princes and princesses of Baden with full dynastic   rights. Leopold of Hochberg became His Grand Ducal Highness, Prince   Leopold of Baden and second-in-line to the throne after his remaining   half-brother, Louis.

In 1818, Charles granted a liberal constitution to the people of   Baden. This constitution ensured the succession rights of the offspring   of Louise Karoline Geyer von Geyersberg. Finally, on 10 July 1819, a few   months after Charles’s death, the great powers (Great Britain, France, Austria, Russia, and Prussia)   joined with Bavaria and Baden in the Treaty of Frankfurt which   recognized the succession rights of the former Hochberg morganatic line.

After Grand Duke Charles died on 8 December 1818, his full-uncle (the son of Charles Frederick’s first marriage) succeeded as Louis I.   To further improve the status of his half-brother and heir, Ludwig   arranged for the new Prince Leopold to marry his great-niece, Sophie, daughter of former King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden by Grand Duke Charles’s sister, Frederica. Since Sophie was a granddaughter of Leopold’s oldest half-brother, Charles Louis,   this marriage united the descendants of his father’s (Grand Duke   Charles Frederick’s) two wives. Sophie’s undoubted royal blood would   help to offset the stigma of Leopold’s morganatic birth.

When Grand Duke Louis died on 30 March 1830, he was the last male of   the House of Baden not descended from the morganatic marriage of Charles   Frederick and Louise Karoline Geyer of Geyersberg. The former   morganatic child Leopold of Hochberg, recently raised to princely rank,   now succeeded as the fourth Grand Duke of Baden.

Leopold was interested in the liberal ideas of his time, granted   concessions to his subjects in 1848, and in the spring of 1849 declined   to oppose the movement (see Revolutions of 1848 in the German states)   which finally broke down all barriers and forced him to flee from the   country on the night of 13 May. In August, he was reinstated by the   troops of Prussia and the German Confederation.   He acted with the greatest forbearance after regaining his power.   During the last years of his reign, he admitted his son Frederick, who   later succeeded him, to a share in the government.


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Posted by: anonymous  2018-09-26
CoinWorldTV 1841, Baden (Grand Duchy), Leopold I. Nice Copper 1 Kreuzer Coin. VF+ Condition: VF+ Mint Year: 1841. Reference: KM-203. Denomination: 1 Kreuzer Material: Copper Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.88gm Obverse: Head of Leopold I as Grand Duke of Baden right. Legend: LEOPOLD GROSHER ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2018-09-26
CoinWorldTV 1852, Baden (Grand Duchy), Leopold I. Nice Copper Kreuzer Coin. AU+ Mint Year: 1852 Reference: KM-203. Condition: A nice AU+ with traces of red mint-lustre in protected areas! Denomination: Kreuzer Material: Copper Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.99gm Obverse: Head of Leopold I of ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2017-05-24
CoinWorldTV 1852, Baden (Grand Duchy), Leopold I. Nice Copper Kreuzer Coin. XF-AU! Mint Year: 1843 Reference: KM-203. Condition: A nice XF-AU with traces of lustre in protected areas! Denomination: Kreuzer Material: Copper Diameter: 21mm Weight: 3.99gm Obverse: Head of Leopold I of ...

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Posted by: gcoins  2010-08-24
Баден 1 крейцер (1842 г.) Медь Леопольд. Идеальное состояние. Номер по Краузе # 203

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Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=240557 Estimate $150 S ...
AUSTRIA, Leopold I - Leopold II, three kreuzer, 1697 MMW (KM.1230); five kreuzer, 1790A (KM.2061); six kreuzer, 1707 CB (KM.187), 1747 (KM.724); quarter thaler, 1740 ...

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Info: http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1114&category=23081&lot ...
Hanau-GesamthausGulden (60 Kreuzer) 1675, Suchier 496, Davenport 547. Vorzüglich

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Info: http://www.ebay.com/itm/291746455954 2016-05-02
GERMANY-WURZBURG 1763 1/2 Pfennig - 1808 3 Kreuzer Fine
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