1576, Netherlands, Holland. Silver Lion Dollar Coin. Scarce 1st Date of Issue!
Mint Year: 1576 Province: Holland State: Netherlands (United Provinces) Denomination: Lion Dollar / Dog Dollar (Leeuwendaalder in Dutch) Reference: Davenport 8838, Delmonte 831 (first year of issue according to Delmonte!). Condition: A mint-made planchet-crack at 9 o'clock, hairlines, otherwise about XF for this crudely struck and early cob-like issue! Weight: 26.48gm Diameter: 41mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Standing knight left, head right, in front of his legs arms shield bearing a standing lion. Legend: MO · NO · ARG · 16 76 · ORDIN · HOL
Reverse: Heraldic lion left with long ornate S-like tail. Legend: CONFIDENS · DNO · NON·. MOVETVR · * · Translated: "Relying on God I shall not be Confounded".
The lion dollar circulated throughout the Middle East and was imitated in several German and Italian cities. It was also popular in the Dutch East Indies as well as in the Dutch New Netherlands Colony (New York). The lion dollar also circulated throughout the English colonies during the Seventeenth and early Eighteenth centuries. Examples circulating in the colonies were usually fairly well worn so that the design was not fully distinguishable, thus they were sometimes referred to as "dog dollars."
Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. The term Holland is also frequently used as a pars pro toto to refer to the whole of the Netherlands. This usage is generally accepted but disliked by many Dutch people in the other parts of the Netherlands.
From the 10th century to the 16th century, Holland proper was a unified political region, a county ruled by the Count of Holland. By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the Dutch Republic.
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