(sold for $30.0)

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1836, France (2nd Kingdom), Louis-Philippe. Silver 5 Francs Coin. (VF) Rouen!

Mint Year: 1836 Reference: KM-749.2. Mint Place: Rouen (B) Denomination: 5 Francs Condition: Cleaned in the post, numerous bag-marks and edge-bumps, otherwise VF! Weight: 24.57gm Diameter: 37mm Material: Silver

Obverse: Laureate bust of King Louis-Philippe I right. Designer´s signature (DOMARD. F.) below. Legend: LOUIS PHILIPPE I ROI DES FRANCAIS.

Reverse: Denomination (5 FRANCS) and date (1836) flanked by mint letter and privy mark below. All inside large wreath. Legend: 5 / FRANCS / (privy mark: lamb of god)  1836 (B)

Louis-Philippe (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850), was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 in what was known as the July Monarchy. He was the       last king to rule France, although Napoleon III, styled as an emperor,       would serve as its last monarch.

Louis Philippe d'Orléans was born at the Palais Royal       in Paris to Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Chartres (later Duke of       Orléans and, later still, known as Philippe Egalité) and Louise   Marie     Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre. As a member of the reigning   House of     Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang. He was the first of three   sons and a     daughter of the Orléans family, a family that was to   have erratic     fortunes for the next court years.

In 1830, the July Revolution overthrew Charles X.       Charles abdicated in favor of his 10-year-old grandson, Henri, Duke of       Bordeaux. Louis Philippe was charged by Charles X to announce to the       popularly elected Chamber of Deputies his desire to have his   grandson     succeed him. Louis Philippe did not do this, in order to   increase his     own chances of succession. As a consequence, because   the chamber was     aware of Louis Philippe's Liberal policies and his   popularity with the     masses, they proclaimed Louis Philippe, who for   11 days had been acting     as the regent for his small cousin, as the   new French king,   displacing   the senior branch of the House of   Bourbon.

In anger over this betrayal, Charles X and his       family, including his grandson, left for Great Britain. The grandson,       better known as the Henri, Comte de Chambord, later became the   pretender     to Louis Philippe's throne and was supported by many   nobles known as     Legitimists.

Upon accession, Louis Philippe assumed the title of King of the French - a title already employed in the short-lived Constitution of 1791.       Linking the monarchy to a people instead of a territory (as the   previous     designation King of France and Navarra) aimed at undercutting the Legitimist claims of Charles X and his family.

By his ordinance of 13 August 1830, soon after his       accession to the throne, it was decided that the king's sister and his       children would continue to bear the arms of Orléans, that Louis       Philippe's eldest son, as Prince Royal, would bear the title Duke of Orléans,       that the younger sons would continue to have their previous titles,     and   that the sister and daughters of the king would only be styled Princesses of Orléans, not of France.

In 1832, his daughter, Princess Louise-Marie (1812–1850), married the first ruler of Belgium, Leopold I, King of the Belgians.

In July 1835 Louis Philippe survived an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Mario Fieschi on the boulevard du Temple in Paris.

In 1831, his son and heir, Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans, died in a carriage accident.

Louis Phillippe ruled in an unpretentious fashion,       avoiding the pomp and lavish spending of his predecessors. Despite   this     outward appearance of simplicity, his support came from the   wealthy     middle classes. At first, he was much loved and called the   "Citizen     King" and the "bourgeois monarch," but his popularity   suffered as his     government was perceived as increasingly   conservative and monarchical,     despite his return of Napoleon's   remains to France. Under his   management   the conditions of the   working classes deteriorated, and the   income gap   widened   considerably. An economic crisis in 1847 led to   the citizens of     France revolting against their king again the   following year.

On 24 February 1848, during the February 1848       Revolution, to general surprise, King Louis Philippe abdicated in favor       of his nine-year-old grandson, Philippe. Fearful of what had   happened   to   Louis XVI, Louis Philippe quickly disguised himself and   fled Paris.     Riding in an ordinary cab under the name of "Mr. Smith",   he escaped   to   England. According to The Times of 6 March 1848, the King and Queen were received at Newhaven, East Sussex before travelling by train to London.

The National Assembly initially planned to accept       young Philippe as king, but the strong current of public opinion       rejected that. On 26 February, the Second Republic was proclaimed.       Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte was elected President in December; a few       years later he declared himself president for life and then Emperor       Napoleon III.

Louis Philippe and his family lived in England until       his death in Claremont, Surrey. He is buried with his wife, Amelia   (26     April 1782–24 March 1866), at the Chapelle royale de Dreux, the     family   necropolis his mother had built in 1816, in Dreux.

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Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/154278594105 2021-01-12

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2021-01-06
 
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