1752, Brazil (Empire), Jose I. Scarce Gold 1000 Reis (Quartinho) Coin. NGC AU+

Mint Date: 1752 Mintage: 11,000 pcs.   Reference:  Friedberg 75, KM-162.1. R! Denomination: Gold 1000 Reis (Quartinho)  Mint Place: Lisbon (struck for circulation in Brazil!) Condition: Certified and graded by NGC as AU (Details: mount removed!) Material: Gold (.917) Diameter: 18mm Weight: 2gm

Obverse: Crown above portuguese shield, flanked by denomination (.1000.) and four rosettes (.***.).  Legend: IOSEPHUS . I . D . G . PORT . REX 9   Reverse: Cross of Jerusalem with four rosettes in fields. Legend:  1752 . ET . BRASILIAE . DOMINUS . ANNO .

D. José (20 August 1761 – 11 September 1788) was the Prince of Brazil and heir   apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal until his death in 1788. Born in   Lisbon, he was the eldest child of Queen Maria I of Portugal and King   Peter III of Portugal, members of the House of Braganza.

José died of smallpox at the age of 27, causing his   younger and ill-prepared brother, the Infante John to become   heir-apparent and eventually king. John's reign would be a turbulent   one, seeing Napoleonic invasion and the loss of Portugal's largest and   wealthiest colony, Brazil.

José was born at the Real Barraca where the   Palace of Ajuda in Lisbon stands today. He was named after his   grandfather who was the ruling   King of Portugal at the time of his   birth. His grandfather created him Prince of Beira, this being the first   time when the title was given to a male.

At the time of his birth, his parents were the Prince and Princess of Brazil, his mother the Heir presumptive of the king.

On 21 February 1777, when he was 15 years old, he   married his 30-year-old aunt the Infanta Benedita of Portugal.     Benedita was an attractive woman and the main candidate for the wife of     José. The marriage was the express wish of the king José.

They had no children, however she miscarriaged twice:   in 1781 and in   1786. Three days after their wedding, José's   grandfather and Benedita's   father the old King José died, and his   mother succeeded as queen regnant. Infante José became the new crown   prince, being accorded the titles Prince of Brazil and 14th Duke of   Braganza.

José died at the age of 27 of smallpox. Upon José's   death, his younger brother Infante John became heir-apparent to the   throne and thus the new Prince of Brazil.   José died on the Ajuda Royal   Complex in Lisbon. His mother and wife were   very badly affected by   his death. His wife would be known as the   "Dowager Princess of Brazil"   till her death in 1829.

José is buried in the Royal Pantheon of the House of   Braganza in Lisbon, the resting place for most of the members of the   House of Braganza.

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