1383, Wallachia, Dan I. Scarce Medieval Silver Ducat Coin. Relative of Dracula! He was the great uncle of Vlad Tepes (Count Dracula) R!
Denomination: Silver Ducat Mint Period: 1383-1386 AD Reference: MBR, pag. 17, tip 85. R! Condition: A small rusty deposit spot in obverse, otherwise a nice XF with sharply struck details! Ruler (Voivod): Dan I (1383-1386AD) Diameter: 14mm Weight: 0.38gm Material: Silver
Obverse: Eagle perched on helmet with cross inside. Sigla "Δ" in left field. Legend: + IWДAN-OVBOEBO Legend Expanded: IO DANOU WAEWODA Legend Tranlation: "Me Dan Voivod" Reverse: Shield of Wallachia with sigla in right field. Sigla K inside shield. Legend: + IWДANOVBOEBOДA Legend Expanded: IO DANOU WOEWODA Legend Translation: "Dan Great Voivod"
Dan I was a voivode (prince, ruler) of the principality of Wallachia (reigned c. 1383 - 1386). During the war with Bulgaria (1384 - 1386) he perished in battle against the troops of Tzar Ivan Shishman. He minted the same nominals as Vladislav I, Wallachian ducats, deniers and bani. Dan I was Dracula´s (Vlad Tepes (aka) Vladimir the Impaler) great uncle (he was he brother of Dracula´s Grandfather)!
The name "Wallachia" derives from the same Germanic base word as the Anglo-Saxon name for the Romano-Britons: "Wealas". Situated to the immediate south of the Carpathian Mountains, Wallachia is effectively "land of the foreigners." In this instance, the word arrived via the Goths who ventured down toward the Balkans. A local derivative, or evolution, of the word is the Slavic "Vlach".
The Wallachian rulers used the title Vojvod, which has the same meaning as the title duke.
One of the first written pieces of evidence of local voivodes is in connection with Litovoi (1272), who ruled over land each side of the Carpathians (including Făgăraş in Transylvania), and refused to pay tribute to the Hungarian King Ladislaus IV. His successor was his brother Bărbat (1285-1288). The continuing weakening of the Hungarian state by further Mongol invasions (1285-1319) and the fall of the Árpád dynasty opened the way for the unification of Wallachian polities, and to independence from Hungarian rule.
Wallachia's creation, held by local traditions to have been the work of one Radu Negru, is historically connected with Basarab I (1310-1352), who rebelled against Charles I of Hungary and took up rule on either side of the Olt River, establishing his residence in Câmpulung as the first ruler in the House of Basarab. Basarab refused to grant Hungary the lands of Făgăraş, Amlaş and the Banat of Severin, defeated Charles in the Battle of Posada (1330), and extended his lands to the east, to comprise lands as far as Kilia (in the Bujak, as the origin of Bessarabia); rule over the latter was not preserved by following princes, as Kilia fell to the Nogais ca.1334.
Basarab was succeeded by Nicolae Alexandru, followed by Vladislav I. Vladislav attacked Transylvania after Louis I occupied lands south of the Danube, conceded to recognize him as overlord in 1368, but rebelled again in the same year; his rule also witnessed the first confrontation between Wallachia and the Ottoman Turks (a battle in which Vladislav was allied with Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria). Under Radu I and his successor Dan I, the realms in Transylvania and Severin continued to be disputed with Hungary.
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