(sold for $9.0)

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1889, France.  Bronze "Exposition Universelle in Paris" Medal by Barré. 18.06gm!

Medallist: Barré Mint Year: 1889   Mint Place: Paris Condition: A nice XF-AU! Denomination: Medal - Exposition Universelle in Paris 1889 (Centenary of 1789, the year of the Revolution and birth of the Republic) Weight: 18.06gm (the usual weight of this type is around 14 grams, which suggests that this is a thicker variation, and therefore scarcer!) Material: Bronze  Diameter: 33mm

Obverse: Female bust (personification of the Republic) left, wearing an inscribed  hair-band. Medallist´s signature (BARRE) and privy mark (cornucopia) of the Paris mint below. Legend: REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE / BARRE / BRONZE (privy mark: cornucopia)

Reverse: Illuminated star above inscription ("Centennary of 1789."). All within wreath. Legend: REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE * EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE *

The Exposition Universelle of 1889 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 6 May to 31 October 1889.

It was held during the year of the 100th anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, an event considered symbolic of the beginning of the French Revolution.   The fair included a reconstruction of the Bastille and its surrounding   neighborhood, but with the interior courtyard covered with a blue   ceiling decorated with fleur-de-lys and used as a ball room and gathering place.

The 1889 Exposition covered a total area of 0.96 km2, including the Champ de Mars, the Trocadéro, the quai d'Orsay, a part of the Seine and the Invalides esplanade. Transport around the Exposition was partly provided by a 3   kilometre (1.9 mi) 600 millimetre (2 ft  0  in) gauge railway by Decauville.   It was claimed that the railway carried 6,342,446 visitors in just six   months of operation. Some of the locomotives used on this line later saw   service on the Chemins de Fer du Calvados.

The main symbol of the Fair was the Eiffel Tower, which served as the entrance arch to the Fair. The 1889 fair was held on the Champ de Mars in Paris, which had been the site of the earlier Paris Universal Exhibition of 1867,   and would also be the site of the 1900 exposition. Since the lifts had   not been completed when the Exposition opened, the first visitors had to   walk up to the second floor platform. Workers had worked through the night the day before the exhibition   opened to complete the necessary construction needed to safely allow   patrons to set foot upon the structure. When speaking of the dedicated   workers, M. Salles, the son-in-law of Eiffel made the statement that "no   soldier on the battle field deserved better mention than these humble   toilers, who, will never go down in history." No one other than   construction personnel were allowed higher than the second floor   platform.

An equally significant building constructed for the fair was the Galerie des machines, designed by architect Ferdinand Dutert and engineer Victor Contamin.   It was reused at the exposition of 1900 and then destroyed in 1910. At   111 meters, the Galerie (or "Machinery Hall") spanned the longest   interior space in the world at the time, using a system of hinged arches   (like a series of bridge spans placed not end-to-end but parallel) made   of steel or iron. Although often described as being constructed of   steel, it is actually made of iron.

There is an extensive description, with illustrations, of the Exposition's two famous buildings in the British journal Engineering (3 May 1889 issue). A follow-up report appears a late issue with this summation:

 

the exhibition will be famous for four distinctive features. In the   first place, for its buildings, especially the Eiffel tower and the   Machinery Hall; in the second place, for its Colonial Exhibition, which   for the first time brings vividly to the appreciation of the Frenchmen   that they are masters of lands beyond the sea; thirdly, it will be   remembered for its great collection of war material, the most absorbing   subject now-a-days, unfortunately, to governments if not to individuals;   and fourthly, it will be remembered, and with good cause by many, for   the extraordinary manner in which South American countries are   represented.

The 28 June issue of Engineering also mentions a remarkable   "Great Model of the Earth" created by Theodore Villard and Charles   Cotard. There were unseasonal thunderstorms in Paris during that summer   of 1889, causing some distress to the canopies and decoration of the   exposition, as reported by the Engineering issues at that time.

The Exhibition included a building by the Paris architect Pierre-Henri Picq.   This was an elaborate iron and glass structure decorated with ceramic   tiles in a Byzantine-Egyptian-Romanesque style. After the Exposition the   building was shipped to Fort de France and reassembled there, the work being completed by 1893. Known as the   Schoelcher Library, initially it contained the 10,000 books that Victor Schoelcher had donated to the island. Today it houses over 250,000 books and an   ethnographic museum, and stands as a tribute to the man it is named   after who led the movement to abolish slavery in Martinique.

A "Negro village" (village nègre) where 400 people were displayed constituted the major attraction.

Matching closely the opening day of the Exposition, the Opéra Comique premiered on 14 May 1889 with a work specially composed for that event: Jules Massenet's Esclarmonde (debuting American soprano Sybil Sanderson), attracting and entertaining crowds of visitors for the more than 50 evenings the Exposition lasted.

At the Exposition, the French composer Claude Debussy first heard Javanese gamelan music, performed by an ensemble from Java. This influenced some of his later compositions.

William Stroudley, locomotive superintendent of the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway died whilst at the exhibition, where he was exhibiting one of his locomotives. Heineken received the Grand Prix (English: Grand Prize) at the exposition.

Buffalo Bill recruited American sharpshooter Annie Oakley to rejoin his "Wild West Show" which performed for packed audiences   throughout the Exposition. Other prominent visitors included the Prince   of Wales (the future Edward VII) and his wife, Princess Alexandra; artists James McNeill Whistler, Edvard Munch, Rosa Bonheur, Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh; U.S. journalist and diplomat Whitelaw Reid; author Henry James; Filipino patriot Jose Rizal; and inventors Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison.

A central attraction in the French section was the Imperial Diamond, at the time the largest brilliant in the world.

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This coin has been sold for   $9.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/373457192421 2021-02-18

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