1596, Spanish Netherlands, Brabant, Philip II. Silver Daalder (Ecu) Coin. R!
Mint Year: 1596 Mint Place: Antwerp Region: Brabant (Spanish Netherlands) References: Davenport 8637, Delmonte 18. R! Denomination: Philipsdaadler (Philip's Thaler) / Filipsdaalder / Ecu Philippe Condition: A few scratches, minor planchet imperfections and scrapes on rim, otherwise a nice XF with unusually well struck portrait! Weight: 33.81gm Diameter: 44mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Armored bare and bearded bust of Philip II of Spain right. Legend: PHS · D : G· HISP · Z · REX · DVX . BRA · I5 (privy mark: hand) 96 · Translation: "Philip by the grace of God King of Spain etc., Duke of Brabant" 1596.
Reverse: Crowned arms of the spanish line of the Habsburg between fire irons with flames, St.Andrew's Cross in the background, underneath a flintstone with flames and the Golden Fleece Order. Legend: · DOMINVS · MIHI · ADIVTOR · Translation: "The Lord is my helper"
The Filipsdaalder (=35 Sols) type and its minors (1/5, 1/2) with its splendid portrait of the king, encouraged by the silver of the New World imported by Spain. Much of the silver was neeeded in the Netherlands to pay Philip's armies, for in 1572 the Dutch Revolt split north from south and threw the reion into turmoil for a generation.
Philip II minted coins with his effigy in Milan, Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and in the Spanish Netherlands, while in Spain large coins only showed heraldic symbols, as in his father's time.
The Seventeen Provinces were a personal union of states in the Low Countries in the 15th century and 16th century, roughly covering the current Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, a good part of the North of France (Artois, Nord), and a small part of the West of Germany.
The Seventeen Provinces were originally held by the Dukes of Burgundy of the House of Valois and later by the Habsburg, first by the Spanish and then by the Austrian line.
In 1568 the Seventeen Provinces started a (counter)rebellion against Philip II: the Eighty Years' War. Before the Low Countries could be completely reconquered, war between England and Spain broke out, forcing the Spanish troops under Philip II to halt their advance. Meanwhile, Philip's Spanish troops had conquered the important trading cities of Bruges and Ghent. Antwerp, which was then arguably the most important port in the world, had to be conquered. On August 17, 1585, Antwerp fell. This ended the Eighty Years' War for the (from now on) Southern Netherlands. The United Provinces (the Netherlands proper) fought on until 1648 â€“ the Peace of Westphalia. The definite loss of the southern Low Countries caused the rich Calvinist merchants of these cities to flee to the north. Many migrated to Amsterdam, which was at the time a tiny port, but was quickly transformed into one of the most important ports in the world in the 17th century. The exodus can be described as 'creating a new Antwerp'.
This mass emigration from Flanders and Brabant (especially Antwerp) was an important driving force behind the Dutch Golden Age. While Spain was at war with England, the rebels from the north, strengthened by refugees from the south, started a campaign to reclaim areas lost to Philips II's Spanish troops. They managed to conquer a considerable part of Brabant (the later Noord-Brabant of the Netherlands), and the south bank of the Scheldt estuary (Zeeuws-Vlaanderen), before being stopped by Spanish troops. The frontline at the end of this war stabilized and became the current border between present-day Belgium and the Netherlands. The Dutch (as they later became known) had managed to reclaim enough of Spanish king-controlled Flanders to close off the river Scheldt, effectively closing Antwerp off from a significant trade route and causing a considerable emigration of Antverpians towards the port of Amsterdam. Due to these events, Flanders and Brabant went into a relative decline in the 17th century.
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Philip II of Spain (1556 - 1598) (17 coins)
Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581.
From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan.
During his marriage to Queen Mary I (1554–58), he was ...