(sold for $28.0)

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1815, Lombardy-Venetia, Francis I. Medal. Test splash for the reverse Hub Die!

Mint Year: 1815 Mint Place: Milan Medallist: Gerolamo Vassallo   Reference: Horsky 3432 (obverse).  State: Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Austrian Rule)   Condition: Inverted impression of the hub die impressed on a lead splash! Denomination: Medal - Oath of the Lombardy provinces to Emperor Francis I of Austria (obverse die hub only!). Material: Lead alloy Weight: 19.18gm Diameter: 43mm

Obverse: Laureate bust of Emperor Francis I of Austria right. Medallist´s signature (VASSALLO F.) below. Legend: FRANCISCO I. AVSTRIACO PIO AVG. FELICI

Reverse: Blank with some glue remains which suggest that this test strike was attached to a document, probably at the mint.

The Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (Italian: Regno Lombardo–Veneto;   German: Königreich   Lombardo–Venetien) was a kingdom in northern Italy, and part of the   Austrian Empire. It was established after the defeat of Napoleon, according to   the decisions of the Congress of Vienna, on 9 June   1815. The Kingdom ceased to exist when the remaining portion of it was   annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.

The Congress of Vienna combined the territories of Lombardy   (which had been ruled by the Habsburgs since the 16th century, and by the   Austrian branch of the family from 1713 to 1796) and Venetia (which had been   under Austrian rule intermittently since 1797) into a single unit under the   Austrian Habsburgs.

Administratively the Kingdom comprised two independent   governments in the two parts. Lombardy included the provinces of Milan, Como,   Bergamo, Brescia, Pavia, Cremona, Mantova, Lodi-Crema, and Sondrio. Venetia   included the provinces of Venice, Verona, Padova, Vicenza, Treviso, Rovigo,   Belluno, and Udine.

The Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia was first ruled by Francis from   1815 to his death in 1835. Ferdinand ruled from 1835 to 1848.

After a popular revolution on 22 March   1848 (The Five Days of Milan), the Austrians fled from Milan,   which become the capital city of the Governo Provvisorio della   Lombardia (Lombardy Provisional Government). The next day, Venice also   arose against the Austrians, forming the Governo Provvisorio di Venezia (Venice Provisional Government). The Austrians, after defeating the Sardinian   troops at the Custoza (24 July-25   July 1848), entered in Milan (6 August) and   Venice (24 August 1849), restoring Austrian   rule.

Francis Joseph ruled over the Kingdom for the rest of its   existence. His younger brother Maximilian, who later became Emperor of Mexico,   served as his viceroy in Milan between 1857 and 1859.

Lombardy was annexed to the embryonic Italian state in 1859, by   the Treaty of Zurich after the Second Italian War of Independence; Venetia was   ceded to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866 in the aftermath of the Seven Weeks War,   by the Treaty of Prague.

Francis II (German: Franz II.; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor from 1792 to 1806 and, as Francis I, the first Emperor of Austria from 1804 to 1835. He assumed the title of Emperor of Austria in response to the coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French. Soon after Napoleon created the Confederation of the Rhine, Francis abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor. He was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815.

Francis II continued his leading role as an opponent of Napoleonic France in the Napoleonic Wars, and suffered several more defeats after Austerlitz. The marriage of his daughter Marie Louise of Austria to Napoleon on 10 March 1810 was arguably his severest personal defeat. After the abdication of Napoleon following the War of the Sixth Coalition, Austria participated as a leading member of the Holy Alliance at the Congress of Vienna, which was largely dominated by Francis's chancellor Klemens Wenzel, Prince von Metternich culminating in a new European map and the restoration of most of Francis's ancient dominions. Due to the establishment of the Concert of Europe, which largely resisted popular nationalist and liberal tendencies, Francis was viewed as a reactionary later in his reign.

Francis II's grandchildren include Napoleon II (Napoleon's only legitimate son), Franz Joseph I of Austria, Maximilian I of Mexico, Maria II of Portugal and Pedro II of Brazil.

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This coin has been sold for   $28.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/154622990317 2021-09-30

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Posted by: anonymous
2021-09-29
 
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