(sold for $100.0)


1746, Great Britain, William (Duke of Cumberland). Battle of Culloden Medal. VF

Mint Year: 1746  Reference: Eimer 605. Condition: Some deposits, otherwise  VF! Denomination: Medal - Battle of Culloden Weight: 15.54gm Material: Bronze Diameter: 42mm

Obverse:William on horseback riding left, raising sword; cityscape   in background. Legend: WILL : DUKE   CUMBERLAND Exergue: BORN . 15 . AP . 1727 Reverse: Battlefield scene showing the fleeing Jacobite forces to right. Legend:  REBELION · JUSTLY ·   REWARDED Exergue:  CULLODEN 16   AP./1746

The Battle of Culloden (/kʌlˈɒdən/, Scottish Gaelic: Blàr Chùil Lodair) was the final confrontation of the Jacobite rising of 1745 and part of a religious civil war in Britain. On 16 April 1746, the Jacobite forces of Charles Edward Stuart were decisively defeated by loyalist troops commanded by William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands.

Queen Anne, the last monarch of the House of Stuart, died in 1714, with no living children. Under the terms of the Act of Settlement 1701, she was succeeded by her second cousin George I of the House of Hanover, who was a descendant of the Stuarts through his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, a daughter of James VI and I. The Hanoverian victory at Culloden halted the Jacobite intent to overthrow the House of Hanover and   restore the House of Stuart to the British throne; Charles Stuart never   again tried to challenge Hanoverian power in Great Britain. The conflict was the last pitched battle fought on British soil.

Charles Stuart's Jacobite army consisted largely of Catholics and Scottish Episcopalians – mainly Scots but with a small detachment of Englishmen from the Manchester Regiment. The Jacobites were supported and supplied by the Kingdom of France from Irish and Scots units in French service. A composite battalion of infantry ("Irish Picquets"),   comprising detachments from each of the regiments of the Irish Brigade   plus one squadron of Irish in the French army, served at the battle   alongside the regiment of Royal Scots (Royal Écossais) raised the previous year to support the Stuart claim. The British Government (Hanoverian loyalist) forces were mostly Protestants – English, along with a significant number of Scottish Lowlanders and Highlanders, a battalion of Ulstermen, and some Hessians from Germany, and Austrians. The quick and bloody battle on Culloden Moor was over in less than an hour, when after an unsuccessful Highland charge against the government lines, the Jacobites were routed and driven from the field.

Between 1,500 and 2,000 Jacobites were killed or wounded in the brief battle. In contrast, only about 300 government soldiers were killed or wounded.

The battle and its aftermath continue to arouse strong feelings: the University of Glasgow awarded Lord Cumberland an honorary doctorate, but many modern   commentators allege that the aftermath of the battle and subsequent   crackdown on Jacobitism were brutal, and earned Cumberland the sobriquet "Butcher". Efforts were subsequently made to further integrate the comparatively wild Scottish Highlands into the Kingdom of Great Britain; civil penalties were introduced to weaken Gaelic culture and undermine the Scottish clan system.

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This coin has been sold for   $100.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/373529009241 2021-04-13

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