1748, Netherlands, Utrecht. Silver 10 Stuivers (½ Gulden) Coin. Tooled XF!
Mint Year: 1761 Province: Utrecht Reference: KM-110. State: United Provinces Denomination: 10 Stuivers (1/2 Gulden) Condition: Tooled-away welding scar (where a suspension loop was removed) at 12 o'clock, lightly deformed and toned, otherwise XF! Diameter: 28mm Material: Silver Weight: 5.2gm
Obverse: Standig togate personification of the Nethelands (Hollandia), wearing plummed helmet, holding reversed spear, topped by a hat and leaning on book, placed on a decorated column. Legend (motto) : HANC TVEMVR - HAC NITIMVR Translated:"This we defend, by this we strive!"
Reverse: Crowned shield of the United Provinces, splitting denomination (X-St). Legend: MO ARG : ORD : FAED : BELG : TRAI - 17 61 Expanded: "MOneta ORDinum FAEDERatorum BELGicarum TRAIectum" Translated: "Coin of government of the federation of Belgium, Utrecht"
The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (or "of the Seven United Provinces") (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden/Provinciën; also Dutch Republic or United Provinces in short, Foederatae Belgii Provinciae or Belgica Foederata in Latin) was a European republic between 1581 and 1795, in about the same location as the modern Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is the successor state.
Before 1581, the area of the Low Countries consisted of a number of duchies, counties, and independent bishoprics, some but not all of them part of the Holy Roman Empire. Today that area is divided between the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and parts of France and Germany. The Low Countries in the 16th century roughly corresponded to the Seventeen Provinces covered by the Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
Through marriage, war or sale, these states were acquired by the Habsburg emperor Charles V and his son, king Philip II of Spain. In 1568, the Netherlands, led by William I of Orange, revolted against Philip II because of high taxes, persecution of Protestants by the government, and Philip's efforts to modernize and centralize the devolved medieval government structures of the provinces. This was the start of the Eighty Years' War.
In 1579, a number of the northern provinces of the Netherlands signed the Union of Utrecht, in which they promised to support each other in their defence against the Spanish army. This was followed in 1581 by the Act of Abjuration, the declaration of independence in which the provinces officially deposed Philip II.
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