1803, Hamburg (Free City). Silver "1000 Years Anniversary" City-View Medal. Rare!
Mint Year: 1708 Medallist: Abramson Reference: Gaed. 193. Hoffmann 142. Rare! Denomination: City-View Medal - 1000 Year Anniversary of the founding of Hamburg Condition: Cleaned in the past, numerous small contact-marks and digs, otherwise XF! Weight: 13.41gm Diameter: 37mm Material: Silver
Obverse: Radiant unspokable name of God in Hebrew (Tetragrammaton) above detailed and fortified City-View of Hamburg with flaged high-buildings and houses. Large trade-ships (galleons) and smaller boats at sea. Date (1803) below. Legend: BÜRGER TUGEND (YHWH) BÜRGER GLÜCK ("Citizen's virtue - citizen´s happiness.") Reverse: Radiant unspokable name of God in Hebrew (Tetragrammaton) above three fishermen's huts (imaginative depiction of the City on the day of it´sfounding) and four fishing boats at sea. Legend: IN VERTRAUEN (YHWH) AUF GOTT ("In trust - on god!") Exergue: HAMBURG 803
The tetragrammaton (/ˌtɛtrəˈɡræmətɒn/; from Greek Τετραγράμματον, meaning "[consisting of] four letters"), יהוה in Hebrew and YHWH in Latin script, is the four-letter biblical name of the God of Israel. The books of the Torah and the rest of the Hebrew Bible (with the exception of Esther and Song of Songs) contain this Hebrew name. Religiously observant Jews and those who follow Talmudic Jewish traditions do not pronounce יהוה, nor do they read aloud transliterated forms such as Yahweh; instead the word is substituted with a different term, whether used to address or to refer to the God of Israel. Common substitutions for Hebrew forms are hakadosh baruch hu ("The Holy One, Blessed Be He"), Adonai or HaShem ("The Name").
In 1189 by Frederick I "Barbarossa" granted Hamburg the status of an Imperial Free City and tax-free access up the Lower Elbe into the North Sea. In 1265, a putative forged letter was presented to or by the Rath of Hamburg. This charter, along with Hamburg's proximity to the main trade routes of the North Sea and Baltic Sea, quickly made it a major port in Northern Europe. Its trade alliance with Lübeck in 1241 marks the origin and core of the powerful Hanseatic League of trading cities. On November 8, 1266 a contract between Henry III and Hamburg's traders allowed them to establish a hanse in London. This was the first time in history the word hanse was mentioned for the trading guild Hanseatic League. The first description of civil, criminal and procedural law for a city in Germany in German language, the Ordeelbook (Ordeel: sentence) was written by the solicitor of the senate Jordan von Boitzenburg in 1270. On August 10, 1410 civil commotion caused a compromise (German:Rezeß, literally meaning: withdrawal). It is the considered as the first constitution of Hamburg.
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