1753, Poland, Augustus III "the Saxon". Silver 18 Groszy (Tympf) Coin. Scarce!
Mint Year: 1753 Denomination: 18 Groszy (Tympf) Reference: KM-148.2 ($95 in VF!). Condition: Weakly struck lower part, otherwise a nice VF+ Diameter: 29mm Weight: 6.39gm Material: Silver Obverse: Armored and draped bust of King Augustus III "the Saxon" right. Legend: DG AVGVSTVS III REX POLONIARUM Reverse: Crowned coat-of-arms of Poland with a central crowned shield of Saxony within wreath. Mint master´s initials (E-C) flanking value numeral (18) below. Legend: SAC ROM IMP ARCHIMET ELECT 1753 .
Friedrich August von Wettin (17 October 1696 – 5 October 1763) was the Elector of Saxony in the Holy Roman Empire from 1733–1763 as Prince-elector Friedrich August II (German: Kurfürst Friedrich August II.) and subsequently king of Poland and grand duke of Lithuania from 1734–1763 as Augustus III the Saxon (Polish: August III Sas; German: August III. von Polen).
Augustus was the only legitimate son of Augustus II the Strong, Imperial Prince-Elector of Saxony and monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, by his wife, Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. He was groomed to succeed his father as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and thus, in 1712, converted to Catholicism. This was publicly announced in 1717, to the anger among the nobility in his native Saxony.
After his father's death in 1733, he inherited Saxony and was elected King of Poland, with the support of Russian and Austrian military forces in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738). As King, Augustus III was uninterested in the affairs of his Polish–Lithuanian dominion, focusing on interests like hunting, opera and collecting paintings (see Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister). During his 30-year reign, he spent less than a total of three years in Poland, where the struggle between the House of Czartoryski and the Potocki paralysed the Sejm (Liberum Veto), fostering internal political anarchy and further weakening the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Augustus III delegated most of his powers and responsibilities to Heinrich von Brühl, who became quasi-dictator of Poland.
The thirty years of Augustus III's reign saw the Seven Years' War (1754 and 1756–1763) among them.
His eldest surviving son, Frederick Christian, eventually succeeded his father as Elector of Saxony, but not as King of Poland. It was Stanislaw August Poniatowski, who was elected King of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, after a coup d'état by the House of Czartoryski, supported by Russian troops on 7 September 1764.
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