Reference: Collignon 453. Mint Year: 1825 (original strike with plain edge!) Medallist: J E Gatteaux / J-J Barre & Baron de Puymaurin Condition: Scratches, hairlines, light corrosion scars in reverse, otherwise XF! Material: Bronze (silver plated) Diameter: 76mm Weight: 212gm
Obverse: Crowned bust of Charles X right in Coronation Robes. Legend: CAROLUS X REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS
Reverse: Archbishop of Reims annoints kneeling King at Coronation as dignitaries witness. . Legend: REX CAROLUS COELESTI OLEO UNCTUS Exergue: ADSTANTIBUS . FRANCIAE . PARIBUS / REGIONUMQUE . DELECTIS . SUMMIS . LEGUM / ADMINISTRIS . EXERCIT . PROGERIBUS / CENTIUM . EXTRAR . LEGATIS / REIMS . XXIX . MAII / MDCCCXXV
The last French royal coronation was that of Charles X, in 1825 by Jean-Baptiste de Latil in Rheims cathedral. Charles' decision to be crowned, in contrast to his predecessor, Louis XVIII, proved unpopular with the French public, and Charles was ultimately overthrown in a revolution in 1830. His successor, Louis Philippe, opted not to have a coronation. The French government broke up and sold off most of the French Crown Jewels after 1875, in hopes of avoiding any further royalist agitation against the newly restored republic.
Charles X (Charles Philippe; 9 October 1757 – 6 November 1836) was King of France from 16 September 1824 until 2 August 1830. For most of his life he was known as the Count of Artois (in French, comte d'Artois). An uncle of the uncrowned Louis XVII, and younger brother to reigning kings Louis XVI and Louis XVIII, he supported the latter in exile and eventually succeeded him.
His rule of almost six years ended in the July Revolution of 1830, which resulted in his abdication and the election of Louis Philippe I as King of the French. Exiled once again, Charles died in 1836 in Gorizia, then part of the Austrian Empire. He was the last of the French rulers from the senior branch of the House of Bourbon.