8 Real    (sold for $51.0)


1798, Peru, Charles IV. Large Colonial Silver 8 Reales Coin. Lady Burges Wreck!

Mint Year: 1798 Denomination: 8 Reales Reference: 1792-IJ, KM-97. R! Mint Mark: Limae (in Monogram) Condition: Thick dark oxidation deposits covering 1/3rd of the coin, scratches and hits, otherwise a nice authentic VF bust dollar, reportedly recovered from the wreck of the Lady Burges East India ship, which sunk in 1806 off the Cape Verde Islands, west of Africa. Weight: 26.75gm Diameter: 39mm Material: Silver

Obverse: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed profile bust of Charles IV with roman military armour right. Latin Legend: CAROLUS . IIII . DEI . GRATIA . 1798 Translation: "Charles IV by the Grace of God, 1798"

Reverse: Crowned Spanish arms* between the Pillars of Hercules adorned with PLVS VLTRA motto. Legend: .HISPAN[IARUM].ET IND[IARUM].REX.Limae[Monogram].8R[EALES] I.J.[Assayer Name] Translation: "King of the Spains and the Indies, Lima [Mint], 8 reales".

The Lady Burgess belonged to the English East India Company and set sail for India at beginning of April, 1806. She weighed 820 tons, carried 30 guns and a crew of 100 men. In the early hours of the 20th of April 1806 the Lady Burgess found itself in shallow water off the Cape Verde Islands and could not escape the breakers. There is no indication in the Commerce Journal of the East India Company that the Lady Burgess was carrying bullion. Her cargo consisted of iron, lead and general merchandise. So far there is also no knowledge of any earlier salvage attempts for the Lady Burgess. A pile of lead bars and several rudder pintles and gudgeons surrounding it were the first spotted objects that clearly defined the site a shipwreck. After a more careful inspection, four concreted areas of iron bars and scattered iron blocks were located. Later, another section of the wreck was located consisting of several cannons and anchors.

Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808.

Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Portici, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. His elder brother Don Felipe was passed over for the two thrones as mentally retarded and epileptic.

Charles had inherited a great frame and immense physical strength from the Saxon line of his mother, granddaughter of August the Strong. When young he was fond of wrestling with the strongest countrymen he could find. He was considered by many to be intellectually sluggish and quite credulous.

In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne. Even though he had a profound belief in the sanctity of his office and kept up the appearance of an absolute, powerful monarch, he never took more than a passive part in the direction of his own government, occupying himself with hunting. The affairs of government he left to his wife and his prime minister. In 1800, Maria Louis finally succeeded in ousting the Count of Floridablanca from office and had him replaced with Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda, the chief of the Aragonese party. However, in the wake of the war against Republican France, the liberal-leaning Count of Aranda was replaced by Manuel de Godoy, a favourite of the Queen and allegedly her lover, who would henceforth enjoy the lasting favour of the King.

Godoy continued Aranda's policy of neutrality towards France but after Spain protested against the execution of the deposed king in 1800, France declared war on Spain and in 1795 forced Godoy to conclude an alliance and declared war on Great Britain.

In 1803, after smallpox had affected his daughter María Luísa, the king commissioned his doctor Francisco Javier de Balmis to bring the vaccine to the Spanish colonies on state expenses.

Spain remained an ally of France and supported the Continental Blockade until the the British naval victory at Trafalgar. However, After Napoleon's victory over Prussia in 1807, Godoy again steared Spain back onto the French side. This switching back and forth devalued Charles' position as a trustworthy ally while the return to the French alliance increased Godoy's unpopularity and strenghtened partido fernandista, the supporters of Crown Prince Ferdinand, who favored a close relationship with Great Britain.

When King Charles was told that his son Ferdinand was appealing to Napoleon against Godoy, he took the side of the minister. When the populace rose at Aranjuez in 1808 he abdicated on March 19, in favour of his son, to save the minister who had been taken prisoner. Ferdinand took the throne as Ferdinand VII, but was distrusted by Napoleon who had 100,000 soldiers in Spain by that time.

Charles IV found refuge in France, and became a prisoner of Napoleon: the latter, posing as arbiter, summoned both Charles IV and his son to Bayonne in April and coaxed Charles (who found a difficult time restraining himself from assaulting his son) to retract his earlier abdication and abdicate, on May 5, 1808, in favour of Napoleon.

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This coin has been sold for   $51.0

Notes: http://www.ebay.com/itm/152521034627 2017-04-29

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Posted by: anonymous
Coin Group
 Denomination: 8 Real
 Metal: Silver
 State: Peru
 Person: Charles IV of Spain (1748-1819)
 Catalog reference:
Description:   English
Coin variations: 25 instance(s)
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