Mint Year: 1797 Mint Place: Bologna (B) Denominations: Scudo (10 Paoli) Reference: Davenport 1359, KM-339. R! Condition: Crudely struck as usual, otherwise about XF! Weight: 28.92gm Diameter: 41mm Material: Silver
Reverse: The Virgin Mary (Madonna) and Jesus as a boy seated in clouds. City view of Bologna below. Legend: PRAESIDIVM * ET * DECVS * Obverse: Crowned republican coat-of-arms within wreath. Lion holding shield and showing his head and claws above. Date in exergue, legend around. Legend: POPVLVS . ET - SENATVS . BON . Exergue: P.10.1797
The Bolognese Republic was proclaimed in 1796 in the Central Italian city of Bologna. It was a French client republic established when Papal authorities escaped from the city of Bologna on June 1796. It was annexed by the Cispadane Republic on 16 October 1796. It was given the first jacobin Constitution written in Italy. It had a government consisting of nine consuls and its head of state was the Presidente del Magistrato, i.e. Chief magistrate, a presiding office held for four months by one of the consuls.
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