1/2 Tanga    (sold for $57.0)

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1903, India (Portuguese), Carlos I. nice Copper 1/2 Tanga (30 Reis) Coin. XF!

Reference: KM-16. Mint Year: 1903 (MCMIII) Denomination: 1/2 Tanga (30 Reis)  Condition: Light deposits, otherwise XF! Material: Copper Weight: 12.69gm Diameter: 30mm

Obverse: Head of Carlos of Portugal right. Date as a roman numeral below. Legend: CARLOS I REI DE PORTUGAL * MCMIII * Reverse: Crowned coat-of-arms of the Portugueze Empire.  Value and denomination below. Legend: INDIA PORTUGUEZA * 1/2 TANGA *

Portuguese India was the aggregate of Portugal's colonial holdings in India. The government started in 1505, six years after the discovery of a sea route to India by Vasco da Gama, with the nomination of the first Viceroy Francisco de Almeida, then settled at Kochi. Until 1752, the "State of India" included all Portuguese possessions in the Indian Ocean, from southern Africa to Southeast Asia, governed by either a Viceroy or a Governor from headquarters established in Goa since 1510. In 1752 Mozambique got its own government and in 1844 the Portuguese Government of India stopped administering the territory of Macau, Solor and Timor, being then confined to Malabar. At the time of British India's independence in 1947, Portuguese India included a number of enclaves on India's western coast, including Goa proper, as well as the coastal enclaves of Daman (Port: Damão) and Diu, and the enclaves of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, which lie inland from Daman. The territories of Portuguese India were sometimes referred to collectively as Goa. Portugal lost the last two enclaves in 1954, and finally the remaining three in December 1961, when they were occupied by India (although Portugal only recognized the annexation in 1975, after the Carnation Revolution and the fall of the Estado Novo regime).

Carlos ( English: Charles I) the Diplomat (also known as the Martyr; Portuguese: o Diplomata and o Martirizado; 28 September 1863 – 1 February 1908), named Carlos     Fernando Luís Maria Víctor Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga Xavier     Francisco de Assis José Simão de Bragança Sabóia Bourbon e     Saxe-Coburgo-Gotha, was the 33rd (or 34th or 35th according to some   historians) and penultimate King of Portugal and the Algarves. He was   the first Portuguese king to die a violent death since Sebastian of   Portugal (1578). This occurred in 1908, when Carlos was murdered in   Lisbon as he travelled in an open carriage with the royal family.

Carlos was born in Lisbon, Portugal, the son of King   Luís and Queen Maria Pia of Savoy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel II, King   of Italy. He had a brother, Infante Afonso, Duke of Porto.

His paternal first cousins included Frederick   Augustus III of Saxony, Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Prince Wilhelm   of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Ferdinand I of Romania.

His maternal first cousins included Napoléon Victor   Bonaparte, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of   Aosta, Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin, Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the   Abruzzi, Umberto, Count of Salemi.

He had an intense education and was prepared to rule   as a   constitutional monarch. In 1883 he traveled to Italy, England,   France   and Germany where he increased his knowledge of the modern   civilization   of his time. In 1883, 1886 and 1888 he ruled as regent as   his father was   traveling in Europe, as it became tradition among the   Portuguese   constitutional kings. His father Luis I advised him to be   modest and to study with focus.

His first bridal candidate was one of the daughters   of Frederick III, German Emperor,   but the issue of religion presented   an insurmountable problem and the   pressure of British diplomacy   prevented the marriage. He then met and   married Princess Amélie of   Orléans, eldest daughter of Philippe, comte de Paris, pretender to the   throne of France.

Carlos became King on 19 October 1889. Colonial   treaties with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (one   signed in August 1890 that defined their African borders along the   Zambezi and Congo rivers and another signed on 14 October 1899, that   confirmed colonial   treaties of the 17th century) stabilised the   situation in Africa. These   agreements were however unpopular in   Portugal where they were seen as   being to the disadvantage of the   country.

Domestically, Portugal was twice declared bankrupt -   on 14 June 1892,   and again on 10 May 1902 - causing industrial   disturbances, socialist   and republican antagonism and press criticism   of the monarchy. Carlos   responded by appointing João Franco as prime   minister and subsequently accepting parliament's dissolution.

As a patron of science and the arts, King Carlos took   an active part   in the celebration of the 500th anniversary (in 1894)   of the birth of Prince Henry the Navigator. The following year he   decorated the famous Portuguese poet João de Deus in a ceremony in   Lisbon. Carlos took a personal interest in deep-sea   and maritime   exploration, publishing an account of his own studies in   this area.

On 1 February 1908 the royal family returned from the   palace of Vila Viçosa to Lisbon. They travelled by train to Almada and,   from there, they took a steamer to cross the Tagus River and   disembarked at Cais do Sodré in central Lisbon. On their way to the   royal palace, the open carriage with Carlos I and his family passed   through the Terreiro do Paço fronting on the river. While crossing the   square, shots were fired from   the crowd by two republican activists:   Alfredo Costa and Manuel Buiça.

Buiça, a former army sergeant and sharpshooter, fired   five shots from   a rifle hidden under his long overcoat. The king died   immediately, his   heir, Luís Filipe, was mortally wounded, and Prince   Manuel was hit in   the arm. The Queen alone escaped injury. The two   assassins were killed   on the spot by police and bodyguards; an   innocent bystander was also   killed in the confusion. The royal   carriage turned into the nearby Navy   Arsenal, where, about twenty   minutes later, the Prince Royal Luis Filipe died. Several days later,   the younger son, Prince Manuel, was proclaimed King of Portugal; he was   the last of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty and the last king   as well.

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Price
This coin has been sold for   $57.0

Notes: https://www.ebay.com/itm/372688157330 2019-06-18

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Posted by: anonymous
2019-06-12
Coin Group
 Denomination: 1/2 Tanga
 Metal: Copper
 State: Portuguese India (1510-1961)
 Person: Carlos I of Portugal (1863-1908)
 Catalog reference:
  KM-16
 
Description:   English
Coin variations: 4 instance(s)
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