20 Franc French Third Republic (1870-1940) Gold

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Denomination:
20 Franc
Metal:
Issue year(s):
1913

1907, France (3rd Republic). Beautiful Gold 20 “Marianne” Francs Coin. 6.43gm!


Mint Place: Paris
Denomination: 20 Francs (“Marianne”)
Reference: KM-857, Gadoury 1064a, Friedberg 596a.
Material: Gold (.900) .1867 oz AGW.
Diameter: 21mm
Weight: 6.43gm

Obverse: Female bust, wearing phrygian cap (also known Marianne by the French) and oak wreath right.
Legend: REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE.

Reverse: French cock to left, value in field below, date in exergue.
Legend: LIBERTE . EGALITE . FRATERNITE / 20 Fcs
Exergue: (torch) 1907 (cornucopia)

Rim Inscription: LIBERTE EGALITE FRATERNITE.

The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the republican government of France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, to 1940, when it was replaced by the Vichy France government after the French Third Republic’s defeat to Nazi Germany in the early stages of World War II.

The early days of the Third Republic were dominated by the Franco-Prussian War, which the Republic continued to wage after the fall of the Emperor. Harsh reparations exacted by the Prussians after the war resulted in the loss of Alsace-Lorraine, social upheaval, and the establishment of the Paris Commune. Early governments of the Third Republic considered re-establishing the monarchy; however, confusion as to the nature of that monarchy, and who among the various deposed royal families would be awarded the throne, caused those talks to stall. Thus, the Third Republic, which was originally intended to be a transitional government, instead became the permanent government of France.

The French Constitutional Laws of 1875 gave the Third Republic its shape and form, consisting of a Chamber of Deputies and a Senate forming the legislature, and a President serving as the head of state. Issues over the re-establishment of the monarchy dominated the Presidency of the first two Presidents, Adolphe Thiers and Patrice de Mac-Mahon, though a series of republican presidents during the 1880s ended any hope of a monarchy. The Third Republic established many French colonial possessions as France acquired French Indochina, Madagascar, French Polynesia, and large territories in West Africa during the Scramble for Africa, all acquired during the last two decades of the 19th century. The early years of the 20th century were dominated by the Democratic Republican Alliance, which was originally conceived as a centre-left political alliance, but which came to become the main centre-right party over time. The period from the start of World War I to the late 1930s featured sharply polarized politics, between the Democratic Republican Alliance and the more Radical socialists. The government fell during the early years of World War II, as the Germans occupied France and was replaced by the Vichy government of Philippe Pétain.

Maurice Larkin (2002) argued that political France of the Third Republic was sharply polarized. On the left marched democratic France, heir to the French Revolution and fully assured of the power of reason and knowledge to create a better future for all Frenchmen and all mankind. On the right stood conservative France, rooted in the peasantry, the Church and the army, and skeptical about “progress” unless guided by traditional elites.1 Adolphe Thiers called republicanism in the 1870s “the form of government that divides France least”. The Third Republic endured seventy years, making it the longest lasting government in France since the collapse of the Ancien Régime in 1789.

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Posted by: anonymous  2016-08-10
CoinWorldTV 1914, France (3rd Republic). Beautiful Gold 20 Francs "Marianne"Coin. 6.45gm! Mint year: 1914 Mint Place: Paris Denomination: 20 Francs ("Marianne") Reference: KM-857, Gadoury 1064a, Friedberg 596a. Condition: A nice AU-UNC with strong lustre in fiel ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2016-04-11
CoinWorldTV 1909, France (3rd Republic). Beautiful Gold 20 Francs "Marianne"Coin. 6.46gm! Mint year: 1909 Mint Place: Paris Denomination: 20 Francs ("Marianne") Reference: KM-857, Gadoury 1064a, Friedberg 596a. Condition: Minor gold alloy spots (mint-made, not a ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2016-03-10
CoinWorldTV 1913, France (3rd Republic). Beautiful Gold 20 Francs "Marianne" Coin. 6.46gm! Mint year: 1913 Mint Place: Paris Denomination: Gold Ducat Reference: KM-857, Gadoury 1064a, Friedberg 596a. Condition: Minor nicks, otherwise a nice lustre uncirculated! Material: ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2016-02-09
CoinWorldTV 1909, France (3rd Republic). Beautiful Gold 20 Francs "Marianne"Coin. 6.45gm! Mint year: 1909 Mint Place: Paris Denomination: 20 Francs ("Marianne") Reference: KM-857, Gadoury 1064a, Friedberg 596a. Condition: Ninor circulation marks in obverse, othe ...

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Posted by: anonymous  2015-12-14
Ausländische Münzen und Medaillen Frankreich 20 Francs 1908 A. Gadoury 1064 a, Friedberg 596 a. GOLD. Vorzüglich - Stempelglanz

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Posted by: anonymous  2015-12-14
Ausländische Münzen und Medaillen Frankreich 20 Francs 1904 A. Gadoury 1064, Friedberg 596. GOLD. Vorzüglich - Stempelglanz

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $59.0
Info: http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=2358&category=46768&lot ...
France AE 10 Centimes 1871 A France, IIIe République. AE 5 Centimes Cérès 1871 A (30 mm, 10.03 g), Paris. KM 815.1. Presque FDC.

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $92.0
Info: http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1998&category=40863&lot ...
France, AR 50 Centimes 1881 A France, IIIe République. AR 50 Centimes 1881 A (2.46 g), Paris. Gad. 419. FDC.

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Info: http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1998&category=40863&lot ...
France, AR 50 Centimes 1895 A France, IIIe République. AR 50 Centimes 1895 A (2.50 g), Paris. Gad. 419. FDC.
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