1654, Salzburg, Guidobald von Thun. Large Silver Thaler Coin.
Mint Year: 1654
Mint Place: Salzburg
Reference: Davenport 3505, KM-162.
Obverse: Saint Rupert, wearing episcopal regalia, holding crozier and salt barrel. All within wreath border, arms of Salzburg below.
Legend: SANCT . RVDBER – TVS . EPS : SALISB : 1654
Reverse: Madonna with Child and scepter above papal legate´s hat and cross-topped arms of the Archibishop.
Inner Legend: SIDIVM . CONF – SVB . TVVM . PRAE
Legend: GVIDOBALD9 D : G : - AR : EP : SAL : SE : AP : L .
The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire, roughly consisting of the present-day state of Salzburg (the ancient Roman city of Iuvavum) in Austria.
The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical State of the Holy Roman Empire, its territory roughly congruent with the present-day Austrian state of Salzburg.
The diocese arose from St Peter’s Abbey, founded in the German stem duchy of Bavaria about 696 by St Rupert at the former Roman city of Iuvavum (Salzburg). The last Archbishop with princely authority before the secularisation was Count Hieronymus von Colloredo, an early patron of Salzburg native Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Up to today, the Archbishop of Salzburg has also borne the title Primas Germaniae ("First [Bishop] of Germany"). The powers of this title – non-jurisdictional – are limited to being the Pope’s first correspondent in the German-speaking world, but used to include the right to preside over the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The Archbishop also has the title of Legatus Natus ("born legate") to the Pope, which, although not a cardinal, gives the Archbishop the privilege of wearing red vesture (which is much deeper than a cardinal’s scarlet), even in Rome.