1/2 Real Habsburg Spain (1506 - 1700) Gold Philip II of Spain (15 ...

Your help is needed! Improve description
Denomination:
1/2 Real
Metal:
Issue year(s):
1556

1581, Spanish Netherlands, Holland, Philip II. Rare Gold 1/2  Real Coin. 3.49gm!

Mint Year: 1555-1581 (not dated)
Ruler: Philip II (Felipe II) of Spain.
Denomination: Gold ½ Real (d`Or)
Mint Place: Dordrecht (privy mark: *)
Reference: Friedberg 765 ($750 in VF!), Delmonte 762. R!
Diameter: 23mm
Material: Gold!
Weight: 3.49gm

Obverse: Bare, draped and armored bust of Philip II of Spain left Privy mark out of planchet!
Legend: PHILLIPVS • D:G • HISP • REX • DVX • HOL (privy mark: *)
Translation: "Philip by the grace of God King of Spain etc., Duke of Holland"

Reverse: Crowned shield with Spanish coat-of-arms.
Legend: DOMINVS • MICHI • ADIVTOR (privy mark: *)
Translation: "The Lord is my helper!"

Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the individual territories, such as Duke or Count) from 1556 until 1581, King of Portugal and the Algarves (as Philip I) from 1580 until 1598 and King of Chile from 1554 until 1556. He was born in Valladolid and was the only legitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

Under Philip II, Spain reached the peak of its power. Having nearly reconquered the rebellious Netherlands, Philip’s unyielding attitude led to their loss, this time permanently, as his wars expanded in scope and complexity. So, in spite of the great and increasing quantities of gold and silver flowing into his coffers from the American mines, the riches of the Portuguese spice trade and the enthusiastic support of the Habsburg dominions for the Counter-Reformation, he would never succeed in suppressing Protestantism or defeating the Dutch rebellion. Early in his reign, the Dutch might have laid down their weapons if he had desisted in trying to suppress Protestantism, but his devotion to Catholicism and the principle of cuius regio, eius religio, as laid down by his father, would not permit him to do so. He was a devout Catholic and exhibited the typical 16th century disdain for religious heterodoxy.

One of the long-term consequences of his striving to enforce Catholic orthodoxy through an intensification of the Inquisition was the gradual smothering of Spain’s intellectual life. Students were barred from studying elsewhere and books printed by Spaniards outside the kingdom were banned. Even a highly respected churchman like Archbishop Carranza, was jailed by the Inquisition for seventeen years for publishing ideas that seemed sympathetic in some degree to Protestant reformism. Such strict enforcement of orthodox belief was successful and Spain avoided the religiously inspired strife tearing apart other European dominions, but this came at a heavy price in the long run, as her great academic institutions were reduced to third rate status under Philip’s successors.

However, Philip II’s reign can hardly be characterized as a failure. He consolidated Spain’s overseas empire, succeeded in massively increasing the importation of silver in the face of English, Dutch and French privateers, and ended the major threat posed to Europe by the Ottoman navy (though peripheral clashes would be ongoing). He succeeded in uniting Portugal and Spain through personal union. He dealt successfully with a crisis that could have led to the secession of Aragon. His efforts also contributed substantially to the success of the Catholic Counter-Reformation in checking the religious tide of Protestantism in Northern Europe.

The Philippines, a former Spanish colony, are named in his honor.

type to read more

 

1 coins in the group

Collections: Add to Quick List (1037 X 488pixels, file size: ~101K)
Posted by: anonymous  2015-02-18
CoinWorldTV 1581, Spanish Netherlands, Holland, Philip II. Rare Gold 1/2 Real Coin. 3.49gm! Mint Year: 1555-1581 (not dated) Ruler: Philip II (Felipe II) of Spain. Denomination: Gold ½ Real (d`Or) Mint Place: Dordrecht (privy mark: *) Reference: Friedberg 765 ($750 in VF! ...

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $570.0
Info: http://www.noble.com.au/auctions/lot/?id=245563 Estimate $500 S ...
SPAIN, Charles III, half escudo, 1788 Seville (KM 425.2), 1788M Madrid (KM.425.1); Ferdinand VII half escudo, 1817 GJ Madrid (KM.492); Isabella, twenty reales, 1861 (KM.610); ...

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $5581.0
Info: http://www.stacksbowers.com/archivedetail.aspx?productid=2989657 ...
1846,COSTA RICA. 8 Reales, Authorized October 15, 1846.KM-59; Gurdian-pg. 64 Type IX; Resellos de Costa Rica-pg. 27 Type 4. Type V countermark. On a 1753-J Guatemala "Pillar" cob 8 Real ...

Collections: Add to Quick List Sold for: $3.0
Info: http://www.ebay.com/itm/151299662439 Sat May 17 00:00:00 UTC 2014
CoinWorldTV 1889, Mexico (2nd Republic). Large Copper Centavo Coin. Nice VF! Mint Year: 1889 Condition: Nice VF! Reference: KM-391.6. Denomination: Centavo Mint Place: Mexico (Mo) ...
You may be interested in following coins
2 Real Spanish Mexico  / Kingdom of New Spain (1519 - 1821) Silver Ferdinand VII of Spain (1784-1833)
2 Real Spanish Mexico / Kingdom of New ...
group has   2 coins / 2 prices
200 Reis Brazil Silver
200 Reis Brazil Silver
group has   4 coins / 4 prices
1/2 Real Spanish Mexico  / Kingdom of New Spain (1519 - 1821) Silver
1/2 Real Spanish Mexico / Kingdom of Ne ...
group has   5 coins / 5 prices
2016-10-28 - Historical Coin Prices
1 Ruble Russian Empire (1720-1917) Silver Alexande ...
Coin prices from public sources
Details
2016-11-15 - Historical Coin Prices
5 Leu Kingdom of Romania (1881-1947) Silver Carol ...
Coin prices from public sources
Details
You may be interested in ...
Market
Dynasty tree and coins
Check yourself!

Coin Puzzle
Coins Prices